Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1945 historical drama directed by Gabriel Pascal that is an adaptation of a classic play by famous Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw. In 48 B.C., aging Caesar (Gabriel Pascal), the famed leader of Rome, journeys to Alexandria after he adds the city to his growing empire. While he is there, he tries to mediate a quarrel between Cleopatra (Vivian Leigh), the new pharaoh of Egypt, and her younger brother Ptolemy (Anthony Harvey). Caesar tries to teach Cleopatra how to truly act like a queen and wield her power wisely, but he soon finds himself succumbing to the beautiful young woman's seductive charms. As Caesar falls under her spell and proclaims his love, cunning Cleopatra is not averse to using him for her own political gain. Caesar and Cleopatra is an extravagant Technicolor classic that is one of the most expensive movies ever made at the time it was released.