The Golem is a silent German expressionist horror film from 1920 directed, written, and starring Paul Wegener. Wegener plays the titular Golem. This was the third and final film in his Golem trilogy. The first (also called The Golem) came out in 1914. The second, The Golem and the Dancing Girl, came out in 1917. The film is based on an ancient Jewish legend. A Jewish rabbi astrologer, Rabbi Loewe (played by Albert Steinruck), predicts doom for Jews during the 16th century. To protect his people against outside persecution he builds a giant creature out of clay called the Golem. He uses magic to bring it to life and it becomes a protector of the Jewish people from all those trying to hurt them. The film is one of the earliest remaining examples of German Expressionism and its series is the first film horror series in the history of cinema.