At the age of sixteen, Annette became the first female teen idol rock and roll star. Billed simply as "Annette" on most of her records, Miss Funicello hit the Top 20 five times in 1959 and 1960, and continued to record constantly in the early 60s as she moved into film stardom in a variety of California beach-culture vehicles. With her thin voice double-tracked and reverberated to achieve the necessary volume, the material was largely saccharine pop clap-trap flavored with elements of rock and roll. Kitschy overtones of Italian and Hawaiian popular music also figured strongly, and she even took stabs at surf and ska (music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s, and which was a precursor to rocksteady and reggae). Although Walt Disney wanted Annette to pattern her voice after 50s pop singer Theresa Brewer, of whom Disney was a big fan of, Miss Funicello credits record producer Tutti Camarata with the creation of "The Annette Sound." Camarata's meticulous matching of her double-tracks afforded recordings with a fuller sound than Annette's voice would have otherwise produced. In the mid-60s, Miss Funicello retired from recording industry to raise her family.