The turn of the 20th century engendered new strides in black equality by NAACP founder W.E.B. DuBois, George Washington Carver, Harlem Renaissance pioneer Alain Locke and popular figures Scott Joplin, Ma Rainey and Satchel Paige.
Important events in black history marked the mid-1800s, including the founding of Lincoln University, Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I a Woman?" speech, the Dred Scott decision, the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th-15th Constitutional Amendments.
Witness the arrival of blacks in Jamestown in the early 17th century and the passage of the Slave Code by the Virginia Assembly, and meet important Revolutionary War figures such as Crispus Attucks and Samuel Fraunces.
Meet important figures in 18th- and 19th-century black history such as Jean DuSable, who settled Chicago; Benjamin Banneker, the "First Black Man of Science"; Denmark Vesey, leader of the Slave Revolts; and Underground Railroad leader Harriet Tubman.
Jesse Owens's Olympic triumph, Hattie McDaniel's Oscar win for Gone with the Wind and Duke Ellington's innovative jazz sound thrilled America, as Benjamin O. Davis Sr. became the Army's first black general.
The cornerstone of modern black history, the Civil Rights movement included landmarks such as the Brown v. Board of Education decision, Rosa Parks's legendary refusal to give up her seat on the bus and the rise of Martin Luther King Jr.
The post-Civil War era saw the emergence of Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Institute, the election of former slave Robert Smalls to the House of Representatives, the wisdom of T. Thomas Fortune and the ongoing fight against segregation.
Looking forward from the Civil Rights era of the mid-1960s, black culture became imprinted on American society, as Muhammad Ali and Alex Haley took center stage and Thurgood Marshall and Colin Powell assumed significant political power.
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