Angel

Season 1 Episode 1

City Of

5
Aired Wednesday 9:00 PM Oct 05, 1999 on The WB
9.1
out of 10
User Rating
670 votes
53

EPISODE REVIEWS
By TV.com Users

Episode Summary

EDIT
Having left Sunnydale and his true love behind, Angel is searching for a place to call his own and a means to redeem himself for his past sins. Doyle, a half human, half demon, is sent to him by "The Powers That Be" to help him on his path. Doyle has a vision of a young girl in trouble, prompting Angel to go on his first mission to help the helpless.

The girl's name is Tina, and Angel learns that she is being stalked by a powerful vampire. As the investigation goes deeper, Angel learns that this creature preys on many aspiring actresses, and his latest target is an old friend from Sunnydale who has just arrived in the City of Angels.moreless

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SUBMIT REVIEW
  • This is a flash-bang of a series opener which is nothing short of flawless.

    10
    We get a feel for Angel as a leading man, meet his new sidekicks and follow him through an airtight plot as he starts his quest for redemption. At this point in time the people behind BtVS had three years of experience under their belt, bringing them to the start of AtS in a well readied state. This episode and most of S1 are fantastic proof of this. Composed mostly of stand alones, this season still manages to be one of the shows most consistent and most universally liked seasons because of its unwaveringly rigid focus on character development. A whole load of important things happen in "City of".



    I debated quite a bit about whether or not to give this episode a Perfect score, but I feel it's earned it in retrospect of the entire series; more for what it does than what it appears to be. It lacks a single misstep one way or another, and is a perfect start to this great show.moreless
  • City of Angels

    6.0
    The Good;

    Impressive opening scenes, funny yet moving. Love Angel choosing the wrong car and very suprising that he doesn't save the girl, at least not the guest star (they use the same time difference trick as they did in Helpless to convince you he will). Especially loved him killing Winters at the end, real vicious stick it in and break it off revenge, great stunt, great effect. Cordy realising that Winter's is a vamp and him initally denying it is also fun.

    The Bad;

    If Winters had all this security at his house how can Angel just walk into his office?



    Best line:

    Angel; Can you fly?



    Jeez, how did they get away with that?

    Winters killing the heroine is very brutal. Also the whole sugardaddy/casting couch scenario shows the stark reality behind the Hollywood glamour.



    Apocalypses: 4

    Angel Cliches

    Damsel in distress; 1

    Inverting the Hollywood cliche; Doyle rams the gates of the Winter's mansion but they seem suprisingly resilient. Also Angel fails to save the girl.

    In disguise; Angel does his rube in the big city act for the first time

    DB get's his shirt off; in order to allow Doyle and Cordy to remove the bullets. Yeah, right!



    Fang Gang in bondage: no but he knocks out and ties up the guard at the mansion

    Cordy: 5

    Angel: 4

    Wes: 1



    Fang gang knocked out: no but Angel knocks out about 4 guys

    Cordy: 6

    Angel: 6

    Wes: 1



    Kills:

    Cordy: none this ep. 3 vamps, a demon from her time in Sunnydale

    Angel: kills 4 vamps in the opening episode which is remarkable as according to Boo's figures he only killed 3 in the whole 3 seasons of Buffy. So that gives Angel 7 vamps, 1 demon, 1 human.



    Fang Gang go evil:

    Cordy: 1

    Angel: 1



    Alternate Fang Gang:

    Cordy: 1

    Angel: 3





    Characters killed:

    2; Tina and her missing friend Denise (offscreen)



    Total number of Angel Investigations:

    3, Angel, Doyle and Cordy



    Angel Investigations shot:

    Angel: 4, pumped full of lead by Winter's bodyguards





    Notches on Fang Gang bedpost:

    Cordy: 1?

    Angel: 1;Buffy



    Kinky dinky:

    Tina appears to be Winter's kept woman. She describes him as 'liking pain' (his own or other peoples?). Cordy also considers him for a sugardaddy much the same as she'll consider doing later to David Nabbit. Tina offers herself to Angel as a reward for saving her but like the white knight he is he gently turns her down.

    Captain Subtext;

    Oliver at the party considers Angel a 'beautiful man' but only on a professional basis, he's currently in a long term relationship with a landscape gardener. 'Drunk' Angel also gives the appearance of hitting on the guy in the bar.

    Questions and observations;

    Doyle drinks Colt .45 beer, the equivalent of Tennants Extra in the UK, pretty much in keeping with the down at heel nature of his character. First appearance of Lindsey, he and Angel are the only characters who appear in both the first and last eps of the series. Angel goes all Punisher finding his way to Winters, not hesitating to beat and threaten his way to his goal. The series already appearing much darker and more adult than Buffy. Angel's narration is similar to Angelus' in Passion and Whistler's in Becoming. It's also reminiscent of the classic noir crime fiction set in LA, could easily be the The Black Dahalia or LA Confidential or Chinatown. When I first saw this I wasn't sure if Winters was a vamp or not, the vamp makeup is subtly different but will eventually fall back into resembling that on Buffy once more. Angel was in Montanna during the depression, maybe Spike's line about vampire cowboy wasn't too far off the mark? Angel tells Cordy there's no cure for vamparism but we'll actually find 3 in the first season alone. Cordy refers to Angel having never developed an investment portfolio but he must get money from somewhere, he seems very well to do. The money he and Darla stole from their victims or does he just have loads of bank accounts with 200 years of interest to collect, Highlander style? Angel shows some knowledge of explosives which he'll also use in Dad but according to the dialogue he's seen 14 wars and Vietnam in his time. Nice crossover when he phones Buffy in Sunnydale.

    Marks out of 10; 6/10, good beginning but not compared to the heights Angel will eventually soar to.

    moreless
  • The Man In Black

    8.9
    Pilot episodes usually have a lot of problems, mainly because the cast are new to working together and/or the writers haven't fully gotten used to writing for these characters.



    The pilot episode for Angel is very different. It's actually superb. It's a modern take on the detective show with enough humor to make it similar to Buffy but enough dark violence to make it completely different to its sister show.



    Angel is still haunted by his past and arrives in LA, intent on seeking redemption for the terrible acts he committed as Angelus. At the end of the third season of Buffy, Angel had to feed on Buffy to save his life. This left Angel with a thirst for blood and it's evident in the opening scene of City Of that he's finding it difficult to resist it. When he saves a young woman from three vamps, he notices that her head is cut. He closes in on the blood and orders her to get away from him. It's like a recovering alcoholic, desperately trying not to go in for one more drink.



    David Boreanaz excels in this episode, from drunkenly telling a black man that he reminds him of Buffy to the pain and anguish he suffers when he discovers that the woman he is meant to protect has been killed. Boreanaz never really had the chance to show off his acting skills on Buffy, instead when he was as Angelus, and thankfully, with this spin-off show, he's able to show that he isn't just a pretty face, he's instead a brilliant actor with a majority of different acting abilities at his disposal.



    Charisma Carpenter is a riot. Underused in the third season of Buffy, she finally gets to have her time in the limelight and is superb in this episode, especially during the scenes at the party and when she finally realizes that Russell is a vampire.



    Glenn Quinn is hilarious and his character is immediately likable and his crush on Cordelia promises loads of funny scenes in coming episodes.



    The storyline, in which Angel protects an aspiring actress from vampire talent agent Russell Winters, is a perfect introduction to the series and Russell's death is inventive, shocking and the FX used are immediately excellent.



    We get a small glimpse of law firm Wolfram & Hart, which will become a pivotal part of the series over the next five years.



    All-in-all, this is a promising start to the series which is absolutely amazing. Managing to have a healthy balance of violence, humor and slapstick. Perfect.



    Director: Joss Whedon

    Writers: Joss Whedon, David Greenwalt

    Rating: Amoreless
  • Realizing that he can no longer be with Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel goes to Los Angeles to help humanity in his own way. He is guided by visions from the Powers That Be shown through a half-man/demon, Doyle. Here, Angel rejoins humanity to save soulsmoreless

    8.5
    Angel’s series premiere gets the series off to a good start with some shaky footing here and there, but that’s to be expected.

    The important elements that set up who he is and what he is doing are taken care of early—within the first 10 minutes. The efficient back-story moves the plot forward quickly. Perhaps it jumps too quickly at times. Of course, I realize that the writers only had 42 minutes to introduce Angel, the other characters, and get him going on his first adventure. I think the episode’s positives outweigh the negatives. I find that to be true of the series as a whole as well.

    To start with the good, Angel’s character and persona are clearly established early on. Fans of Buffy already know him, but as the show now revolves around Angel entirely it’s more important to establish who he is. His broody, violent introduction in the alley shows the audience that Angel fights hard and bears a heavy burden.

    Angel ultimately becomes about struggling to do what’s right. At the beginning, Angel thinks he is doing what is right by keeping himself detached from humanity. His new friend and partner, Doyle, helps him realize that he is meant to be a part of humanity by helping it and ultimately helping himself grow. Angel does not actually help his first soul. She is murdered by her tormentor. Angel takes this tragedy and makes the killer pay while saving Cordelia and all of the others he would have hurt eventually. Angel kept fighting.

    Over the course of the series this message and theme are reiterated in different ways. By the final episode, Angel understands that doing what’s right means to never stop fighting even if you know that you will lose. The fight—journey—is the more important part. “City of…” sets this concept up very well.moreless
  • a great spin-off

    8.4
    for all of us "buffy-fans"



    comes the pilot to a new series that shows us what angel did after saving sunnydale from the mayor



    angel being one of the coolest vamp's on buffy deserves his on spin-off





    this show has everything it should: a team saving a city from demons, vamp's, and zombies; action; and drama



    perfect!
Vyto Ruginis

Vyto Ruginis

Russell Winters

Guest Star

Jon Ingrassia

Jon Ingrassia

Stacy

Guest Star

Renee Ridgeley

Renee Ridgeley

Margo

Guest Star

Christian Kane

Christian Kane

Wolfram & Hart Lawyer

Recurring Role

Trivia, Notes, Quotes and Allusions

FILTER BY TYPE

  • TRIVIA (16)

    • When Angel is investigating on the library computers, neither of the articles relates to their headlines.The first article about a murder victim actually consists of three unrelated paragraphs involving an ex-wife, recycling, and rhino horns.The second re-uses and extends the recycling paragraph from the first.


      On a trivia note, most of those same paragraphs were previously used on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in 1x05 "Never Kill a Boy on the First Date."

    • When Russell and Cordelia are talking in his mansion a close up shot shows his hair at a shorter length, but when they go to a farther shot it's longer again.

    • When Angel is grabbing Tina by the arm and she pulls him into the sunlight, his arm immediately goes up in flames. But in every episode of Buffy preceding this and in most episodes of Angel following this a vampire has to stay in the sunlight for several seconds before the fire comes.

    • When Cordelia meditates, you see a green book with a dollar sign on it (Meditation: for a beautiful life by Amanda Smith). In the episode "I Fall to Pieces" (1x04), Dr. Meltzer has the same book on his desk.

    • In the original script, after Angel feels Tina's dead body for a pulse, he tasted the blood that got on his fingers. This was filmed, but eventually cut.

    • The LA public library was originally going to play a large part in the series. Tons of stock footage of Angel using computers and books was shot, but was only ever used for this episode.

    • In many later episodes of Angel, it is made clear that vampires can sense each other. However, the vampires Angel ends up attacking in the first scene do not appear to know Angel is a vampire. This might be because the ability to sense each other was not yet codified as it was never used in Buffy, where Angel was a secondary character. However, this may also be a skill that only vampires of a certain age and experience have. Newly sired vampires have been shown previously not to be as powerful as older vampires.

    • All of the vampires' faces in this episode are different from any other incarnation of "vamped" faces on Buffy the Vampire Slayer or Angel. Joss Whedon decided to experiment with the make-up to try and make them look scarier. He decided they looked silly, and in subsequent episodes went back to the normal vampire faces.

    • A goof seen in the first episode and that appears in the opening credits of every episode is when Angel is walking down an alley. In a puddle of water you can see his reflection.

    • When Angel and Doyle first meet, Doyle says to Angel that he comes uninvited so that Angel knows he is not a vampire. It was of course already clear as we had seen his real face right before that, but also a vampire doesn't need a invitation to enter if the owner is a demon, which Angel clearly is.

    • As Russell falls from the window, you can clearly see his reflection in the glass windows of the building.

    • When Angel brings Tina back to his room, he hands her a cup of tea. She starts crying, holding the cup. In the next shot when she's sitting on Angel's bed, her cup is nowhere to be seen. Then a few shots later, she's holding it again.

    • The stunt man's neck during the fight between Angel and Russell is only partially covered with makeup.

    • Angel's sweater changes color several times. When he comforts Tina, it is black. When he arrives at the library, it is gray. A little later, as he piles weapons into his bag it is black again, but when they cut to a close-up shot of his arms the sleeves of the sweater are gray. While most of the changes are between scenes, and can therefore be explained away, the one while he's packing his bag is clearly a mistake.

    • In the garage scene, Angel closes the car door when he jumps out at Stacey, but it is open when the shot cuts to her perspective.

    • When Angel arrives at the apartment and takes off his wrist braces, he has his rings on. When he turns to Doyle, they've disappeared. He is also not wearing a necklace, but one appears upon his neck without explanation a minute or so later.

  • QUOTES (40)

    • Cordelia: I didn't know you were in L.A.; are you living here?
      Angel: Yeah... You?
      Cordelia: Malibu. A small condo on a beach. It's not a private beach, but, you know, I'm young, so I forbear.

    • Tina: Well, it was nice threatening you.

    • Doyle: You know, there's a lot of people in this city need helping.
      Angel: So I noticed.
      Doyle: You game?
      Angel: I'm game.

    • Tina: I came here to be a famous movie star. But, they weren't hiring.

    • Angel: Okay, you've told me the story of my life which, since I was there, I already knew... Why aren't I kicking you out?

    • Angel: I don't get a lot of visitors.
      Tina: (looks at the weapons hanging on the walls) At least not ones you like.
      Angel: I have relationship issues, too.

    • Doyle: Say you wouldn't have a beer of any kind in here, would you?
      Angel: No.
      Doyle: Come on, you must have something besides pig's blood!

    • Cordelia: I thought I was going to faint while barfing.

    • Angel: You want to charge people?
      Cordelia: Well not everybody, but sooner or later we are going to have to help some rich people, right?

    • Cordelia: I was just saying that if we're going to be helping people out, maybe a small charge. A fee. You know, something to help pay the rent. And... my salary. You need someone to organize things and you're not exactly rolling in it Mr. "I-Was-Alive-for-200-Years and Never-Developed-an-Investment-Portfolio."

    • Doyle: What happened to Russell?
      Angel: He went into the light.

    • Doyle: Well, listen, best of luck to ya man. I've got some fairly large coin riding on the Vikings tonight, but I'll be there with you in spirit, yeah?
      Angel: You're driving.
      Doyle: Wait a minute! No, no! I'm not combat ready, man. I'm just the messenger!
      Angel: And I'm the message.

    • Cordelia: I am somebody. I matter. People will be attracted to my positive energy and help me achieve my goals. I'm right where I'm supposed to be and not dying for something to eat!

    • Stacy: You get in his way, he'll kill you. He'll kill everyone you care about.
      Angel: There's nobody left I care about.

    • Tina: I guess this is the part where you "comfort" me. Not that you didn't earn it.
      Angel: No. This is the part where you have a safe place to stay while we figure things out.
      Tina: You mean you don't want...
      Angel: You have enough people taking advantage right now.
      Tina: Boy, are you ever in the wrong town.

    • (Angel has a gun on a hired goon)
      Stacy: You know, I don't think you're going to use that thing.
      (Angel punches him and knocks him out)
      Angel: Good call.

    • Cordelia: Well, I better get mingly. I really should be talking to people that are somebody. But it was fun!
      Angel: It's nice that she's grown as a person.

    • Angel: Why me?
      Doyle: Because you've got potential, and the balance sheet ain't exactly in your favor yet.
      Angel: Then why you?
      Doyle: We all got something to atone for.

    • Doyle: But he's cut off, from everything. From the people he's trying to help.
      Angel: I still save 'em. Who cares if I don't stop to chat?

    • Oliver: You're an actor.
      Angel: No.
      Oliver: That wasn't a question. I'm Oliver. Ask anyone about Oliver. They'll tell you I'm a fierce animal. I'm your manager as soon as you call.
      Angel: I'm not an actor.
      Oliver: Funny. I like the humor. I like the whole thing. Call me. This isn't a come on. I'm in a very serious relationship with a landscape architect.

    • Doyle: I've been sent. By the Powers That Be.
      Angel: Powers that be what?

    • Angel: Have you guys seen my car? It's big... and uh... shiny.
      Vampire: (grabs Angel) Piss off, pal.
      Angel: (smells the vampire's breath) Ugh..breath mint?

    • Cordelia: A cockroach! In the corner! I think it's a bantamweight!

    • Angel: Why would a woman I don't know want to talk to me?
      Doyle: Have you looked in a mirror lately? Well, no, I guess you haven't.

    • Russell: Angel. We do things a certain way in LA.
      Angel: Well, I'm new here.
      Russell: But you're a civilized man. We don't have to go around attacking each other. Look at me. I pay my taxes, I keep my name out of the paper, and I don't make waves. And in return, I can do anything I want.
      Angel: Really? Hmm. Can you fly? (throws Russell out of skyscraper. He catches fire and turns to dust.)
      Angel: Hmm. Guess not.

    • Angel: (making tea) Do you take milk and sugar?
      Tina: Yeah.
      Angel: ...because I don't have those things.

    • Angel: So are you, uh, happy?
      Tina: What?
      Angel: You look sorta down.
      Tina: You've been watching me?
      Angel: No, I just, I was uh looking towards there, and you walked...through there.
      Tina: You don't hit on girls very often, do you?
      Angel: It's been a while.

    • Russell: (to Angel) You made a big mistake coming here.
      Cordelia: You don't know who he is, do you? Oh, boy! You're about to get your ass kicked!

    • Cordelia: I grew up in a nice house. It wasn't like this, but we did have a room or two that we didn't even know what they were for. Until the IRS got all huffy about my folks not paying taxes for, well, ever. They took it all.

    • Doyle: Let me tell you a little bedtime story.
      Angel: But I'm not sleepy.
      Doyle: Once upon a time there was a vampire. And he was the meanest vampire in all the land. All the other vampires were afraid of him, he was such a bastard. Then one day he's cursed by gypsies. They restore his human soul. And all of a sudden he is mad with guilt. You know: "What have I done?" You know, he's freaked.
      Angel: Okay. Now I'm sleepy.
      Doyle: Yeah, well, it's a fairly dull tale. It needs a little sex, is my feeling. So sure enough: enter the girl. Pretty little blonde thing, Vampire Slayer by trade. And our vampire falls madly in love with her. Eventually the two of them, - well, they get fleshy with one another. Well, I guess the technical term is perfect happiness. But when our boy gets there, he goes bad again. He kills again. It's ugly. So when he gets his soul back for the second time, he figures hey, he can't be any where near Miss young puppy eyes without endangering them both. So what does he do? He takes off. Goes to LA. To fight evil and atone for his crimes. He's a shadow, a faceless champion of the hapless human race.

    • Doyle: Wow, you're really going to war here. I guess you, ah - you've seen a few in your time, yeah?
      Angel: Fourteen, not including Vietnam. They never declared it.

    • Angel: Los Angeles. You see it at night and it shines. Like a beacon. People are drawn to it. People and other things.They come for all sorts of reasons. My reason? No surprise there - it started with a girl.

    • Cordelia: I finally get invited to a nice place, with no mirrors... and lots of curtains? Hey, you´re a vampire!
      Russell: What? No, I'm not...
      Cordelia: Are too!
      Russell: I don't know what you´re talking about.
      Cordelia: Hey, I'm from Sunnydale. We had our own Hellmouth! I think I'd know a vampire when I'm... alone with him... in his fortress-like home. And you know, I think I'm just feeling a little light headed from hunger. I'm just wacky... And kidding! Ha, ha.

    • Angel: You don't smell human.
      Doyle: I take offense to that. I'm completely human! (sneezes, causing his face to become demonic) On my mother's side.

    • Doyle: (To Angel) Everyone's got their demons.

    • Angel: You think (Cordelia's) a hottie.
      Doyle: Ah, yeah, she's a stiffener all right, I can't lie about that.

    • Cordelia: So um, are you still...*Grrrr*?
      Angel: Yeah. There's not actually a cure for that.

    • Doyle: You know, it's not all about fighting and gadgets and such. It's about reaching out to people, showing them that there's love and hope still left in this world.
      Homeless Woman: (interrupting) Hey, spare change?
      Doyle: Get a job, you lazy sow! (to Angel) You know, it's about letting them in your heart. It's not just saving lives, it's saving souls. Hey. Possibly your own in the process.

    • Angel: Where's home?
      Tina: Missoula, Montana. You've been to Missoula?
      Angel: During the Depression. My depression. I-I was depressed there.

    • Angel: Doyle, I don't wanna share my feelings, I don't wanna open up. I wanna find the guy that killed Tina and I wanna look him in the eye.
      Doyle: Then what?
      Angel: Then I'm gonna share my feelings.

  • NOTES (10)

    • "City Of" was one of the pilot episodes of several popular WB series (along with Felicity, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Dawson's Creek) that were featured in The WB's farewell broadcast on September 17, 2006.

    • Music:
      While Angel is watching Tina -- "Maybe I Belong" by Howie Beck

      At Margo's party -- "Ladyshave" and "Teenage Sensation" by Gus Gus

      In the pool hall -- "Right of Left Field" by Wellwater Conspiracy

    • Doyle wasn't originally supposed to be an Irishman but was written as such when Glenn Quinn was cast as Doyle. The role of Doyle was Glenn Quinn's first role where he was able to use his own Irish accent.

    • The word "Wolfram" is German, and is also the chemical name for the substance "Tungsten" - the wire in a lightbulb.

    • Angel's sidekick for the series wasn't initially intended to be Doyle. The original scripts featured Whistler who appeared in the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes "Becoming Part One" (2x21) and "Becoming Part Two" (2x22).

    • In the opening of the credits there is a shot of a girl standing on an empty street. That scene actually comes from the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "Anne" (3x01).

    • David Boreanaz (Angel) and Charisma Carpenter (Cordelia Chase) are the only live actors to appear in the pilots of both Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, though there are also flashbacks of Buffy during Doyle's recounting of Angel's life.

    • In this episode Angel calls Buffy and when she answers he hangs up. This links to the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "The Freshman" (4x01) where Buffy gets a phone call, answers but it seems that there is no one there.

    • Christian Kane originally auditioned for the part of Riley Finn on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Series creator (of both shows) Joss Whedon was so impressed he offered him the part of Lindsey.

    • Angel drives a black 1968 Plymouth GTX convertible.

  • ALLUSIONS (9)

    • Title: City Of
      Los Angeles, the show's setting, is nicknamed the City of Angels.

    • Cordelia: A cockroach! In the corner! I think it's a bantamweight!

      Bantamweight is a weight class in boxing. Bantamweight boxers weigh between 112 and 118 pounds (51 and 54 kilograms).

    • Angel: (Gets into wrong convertible) Dammit!
      The convertible that Angel mistakenly jumps into appears to be the one belonging to vampire Nick Knight from popular Canadian show Forever Knight. Knight drives the same car as Angel is seen driving in this episode. Knight is also a 13th century vampire, making him actually a bit older than Angel himself. The Forever Knight TV movie also takes place in LA, though the series took place in Toronto.

    • Cordelia: I grew up in a nice home. It wasn't like this, but we did have a room or two that we didn't even know what they were for. Until the IRS got all huffy about my folks not paying taxes for, well, ever. They took it all.
      The IRS is the Internal Revenue Service, who are the agency under the Department Of The Treasury in charge of collecting income taxes in the United States.

    • Doyle: Well, listen, best of luck to you man. I've got some fairly large coin riding on the Vikings tonight, but I'll be there with you in spirit, yeah?
      The Vikings are the Minnesota Vikings, a football team with the National Football League.

    • Angel: Russell? Let me guess. Not big on the daylight and the mirrors? Drinks a lot of V8?

      V8 is a mixed vegetable drink, produced by Campbells, that is bright red due to its high tomato juice content.

    • Angel: During the depression. Ah, my depression. I was depressed there.

      The Great Depression was the severe U.S. economic crisis of the 1930s, supposedly precipitated by the 1929 stock market crash. Certain causative factors are generally accepted: overproduction of goods; a tariff and war-debt policy that curtailed foreign markets for American goods; and easy money policies that led to overexpansion of credit and fantastic speculation on the stock market. At the depth (1933) of the Depression, 16 million people - one third of the labor force - were unemployed. The effects were felt in Europe and contributed to Adolph Hitler's rise in Germany. The policies of "The New Deal" relieved the situation, but complete recovery came only with the heavy defense spending of the 1940s.

    • Doyle: You know I'm parched from all this yakking, man. Let's go treat me to a Billy Dee.
      Billy Dee Williams is an actor who did commercials for Colt 45 brand malt liquor.

    • Doyle: I like the place. I mean its not much with the view, but it has a nice bat-cave sort of an air to it.
      The bat-cave is the headquarters of Batman, a costumed crime fighter from DC Comics that inspired several TV shows, cartoons and films.

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