Final Standoff: "PROLOGUE"
Gouda's demise at the hands of Section 9 is a direct reference to the prologue of the 1991 Ghost in the Shell manga by Shirō Masamune. The suitcase machine guns are even taken from the beginning of the manga. This marks the third time that the event has been recreated since the manga. It can also be seen at the beginning of Mamoru Oshii's 1995 movie Ghost in the Shell (in which the manga scene is reenacted) and at the end of the 2nd GIG episode "REBOOT".