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The Bob Dylan song used at the end of the episode ("Don't Think Twice, It's All Right") was off of his 1963 album "The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan." However, since the Nixon-Kennedy debate had just happened, this puts the time frame of the show into 1960.
GOOF: At approximately 41 mins, Draper and Whitman are in the trench, under fire from the enemy. Whitman's rifle changes positions several times.
While getting a massage, Bertram Cooper makes a comment about Daley having the dead vote for Kennedy. This is reference to Mayor Richard J. Daley and the vote fraud that took place in Chicago and Texas that helped swing the tight 1960 election to Kennedy. Daley was the political boss of a large Democratic machine that could deliver the vote in Chicago wards, precincts and large areas of Cook County via patronage, party loyalty, graft and voter fraud. The situation got so bad that the then Republican Illinois Senator Everett Dirksen discovered that some Republican voters, who had died, were now registered Democrats with addresses that were empty lots in Chicago and voting straight Democratic tickets. Using the Senate's free mail privilege, Dirksen wrote some of the dead Republicans asking why they were now alive and registered as Democratic. After Dirksen displayed the cancelled envelopes with the PO's "No Such Address" stamp, the machine in Chicago accused Dirksen of abuse of his franking privileges. In the 1980's one machine hack exposed the fake vote system when a promised patronage job was not delivered to him. Nixon wisely did not call for a recount or comment about the vote fraud that took place in Texas or Illinois. Illinois elected Kennedy by only 8000 votes, but Cook County delivered a 450,000 Democratic majority that supplied Illinois's 27 electoral votes to Kennedy. Nixon lost the national election by only 112,000 votes.
Theodore White revealed in The Making of the President 1968 that Hubert Humphrey did not expose the fact that Anne Chennault, a Republican of Asian decent, played a crucial role in the wrecking of the 1968 Paris peace talks by the Nixon campaign. She had advised then South Vietnam President to kill the peace talks and wait for better times under President Nixon and arranged a meeting between Nixon and the South Vietnam ambassador. This event helped elect Nixon in the 1968 presidential election that was also a close election.
When Roger was drinking his milk at the start of the episode, not only did the amount in the cup keep changing in-between shots, but it would move from behind his name card to beside his hand.
After delivering a message to Peggy, Joan states "you know what they say 'the medium is the message'". This is a reference to Marshall McLuhan's popular phrase, originally coined in a book published in 1964. Joan's use of this phrase is an anachronism, as the first season is set in 1960.
The song played at the end of the episode is "Babylon", a folk song released by Don Mclean on his album "American Pie".
Actress Talia Balsam makes her first appearance in this episode, playing Roger Sterling's wife, Mona. The daughter of actors Martin Balsam and Joan Van Patten, she and John Slattery are married in real life. She was previously married to actor George Clooney.
Glen Bishop (Marten Holden Weiner), the 9-year-old son of Helen Bishop (Darby Stanchfield), who asked Betty Draper (January Jones) for a lock of her hair, is the son of the show's creator and executive producer, Matthew Weiner.
Volkswagen ran ads in the early 60's for the VW Beetle labeled the "Think Small" campaign. The VW ads had a great impact in magazine advertisements with no adornment, no flash, no models and plain looking Beetles. The effect was astounding. Even to this day, Madison Avenue still gives credit to the campaign as a classic clever motivator.
Doyle Dane Bernbach was the ad agency given credit for a creating simple sales pitch, black and white product photos and starting a brand ID and loyalty. William Bernbach of DDB is mentioned as the creative leader for this series of ads that ran for several years. Also mentioned for the "Think Small" tag is famous ad man George Lois who designed many iconic ad campaigns over the years and created many of the provocative Esquire Magazine covers of the 1960s.
Little mentioned about the success of the VW Beetle was the low price, easy maintenance and gas mileage in a time of big cars and Cadillac fins
(the men in the office refer to Rachel as "Molly Goldberg.")
Gertrude Berg wrote and produced "Molly Goldberg" and portrayed her on the radio starting in 1929. The Goldbergs were a hardworking, loving, Jewish family and the program showed their everyday lives and struggles. "The Goldbergs" was broadcast for 17 years. The show was then picked up for television by CBS in 1949 and then to went NBC in 1952. After several incarnations with different actors, formats and networks it left the air in 1955.
(The women in the office are seen reading D. H. Lawrence's, "Lady Chatterley's Lover.")
"Lady Chatterley's Lover" was often either censored heavily or banned outright in the US. In 1959, Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield and President Eisenhower were both opposed to the book. When Summerfield denied the books from the mail, the publisher sued in the Federal District Court. Judge Bryan, after reading the book and hearing the arguments of both sides, found the book as "an honest and sincere novel of literary merit." He ordered the book be allowed all the privileges of the mail.
(Joan and the office staff are talking about "hope chests".)
Wedding boxes were a tradition in Eastern Europe and the "Old Country" for centuries, but these hope chests became popular in the US during the 1950s and signified the anticipation of marriage. They're also known as glory boxes in the UK and Australia. Items included in the chests, often lined with cedar to help preserve the items, might be linens, needlework, bedding, glassware and dinnerware. All tucked away to be used in a bride's first home.
Elvis' return from Germany is mentioned in this episode. Elvis Presley was drafted into the Army in January 1958, but it was deferred until March 1958. This enabled Elvis to star in the film, "King Creole." He left for overseas service in Germany in October 1958, and returned to the US in March 1960.
Music during the closing credits: The Cardigans - "The Great Divide"
Peggy's weekly paycheck of $35 is roughly equivalent to $260 in 2008 dollars. Her being taxed almost seven dollars for social security seems a bit much for the time period. However she fails to mention any income tax withheld, which is accurate as most working class Americans did not earn enough to pay Federal income tax.
Vincent Kartheiser is credited as appearing in this episode, but doesn't make an appearance in it.
Robert Morse, who guest stars as Burt Cooper, won a Tony for his role in the 1961 musical "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying." Morse played J. Pierpont Finch, an eager window washer determined to get to the top in the New York business world with the help of a book that gives the show its name. Providing moral support, and romance, is loyal secretary Rosemary. Morse later went on to star in the 1967 film adaptation of the musical.
Plates of shrimp cocktail can be seen on the table during Sterling, Draper, and Campbell's meeting with Rachel Menken. The ad men's ineptitude in relating to their Jewish client extends even to their non-kosher food selection.
Music: "Band of Gold" (Don Cherry,) "Caravan" (Gordon Jenkins,) "Shangri-La" (Robert Maxwell and His Orchestra,) "The Street Where You Live" (Vic Damone).
The favored type of music for this era was called "Easy Listening." It featured orchestrations emphasizing string instruments, as well as the piano or the organ, and often had rhythms suitable for dancing. Among the best known artists of the era were Montovani, Ferrante and Teicher, The Living Strings, and of course, Lawrence Welk. There were some vocalists, such as Edie Gorme, Vic Damone and Andy Williams who fit the genre, but most vocals came from groups of singers who accompanied the orchestra, such as the Ray Conniff Singers.
"The Street Where You Live" is from the musical My Fair Lady. In March, 1960, when this episode is set, My Fair Lady would have been entering its fourth year on Broadway, where it eventually ran for 2,717 performances, the longest running musical of its time. Use of this song is a reflection of the popularity of music coming from Broadway; film version would not be produced for another four years.
The program makes a small historical error in the scene where Peggy first sees her typewriter, an IBM Selectric II. The IBM Selectric Typewriter featuring a ball-element, that made the type bar and moving platen unnecessary was first released in 1961. The first Selectric II, which Joan assures Peggy is so easy a woman can use it, was not released until 1971. Later in the episode, Don comments about the availability of a "magic machine" that makes identical copies of documents. Although Xerox had released its first photocopier in late 1959, it probably would not have been widely available and probably not well known in March, 1960, when this episode is set.
The bolded part needs to be taken out. When Don mentions the "magic machine", the writers were being ironic because he says, "It's not like there's some magic machine that makes identical copies of things." So, clearly, Don has no idea that Xerox exists yet, and there's no time period goof that needs mentioning here.