Vissian Engineer: I read in your database that you've discovered only 92 [natural elements].
Currently, there are 94 known natural elements out of 118 total known elements. Atomic numbers 95-118 are only known from artifical creation so far, while the others have all be found on Earth and in astronmical spectral analysis.
Goof: Captain Archer states that Shakespeare only wrote thirty-six plays, but Shakespeare is credited with writing thirty-seven plays over the course of his life, though some are disputed as to his authorship.
Nitpick: When Trip secretly goes to meet with the cogenitor, he tells the Vissian engineer that he's going to the mess hall. However, throughout the rest of the episode, everyone (including him) seems to think that he claimed to be going to Astrometrics.
Archer: (to Trip) You knew you had no business interfering with those people, but you just couldn't let it alone. You thought you were doing the right thing. I might agree if this was Florida or Singapore, but it's not, is it? We're in deep space and a person is dead -- a person who'd still be alive if we hadn't made first contact.
Malcolm: There's an old Earth expression: I'll show you mine if... (cough) you show me yours.
Trip: I didn't think it would hurt to teach her how to read.
Archer: Then you didn't think hard enough. We're out here to meet new species, not tell them what to do.
The director of this episode, LeVar Burton, previously played Lieutenant Commander Geordi La Forge in Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Though not named in the episode, the game that Trip and the Vissian were playing was Go. Go is an ancient board game that originated in eastern Asia over 2,000 years ago.