The Academy Awards

Season 27 Episode 1

The 27th Annual Academy Awards

Aired Sunday 8:30 PM Mar 30, 1955 on ABC

Episode Recap

ACTOR • Humphrey Bogart -- The Caine Mutiny ("Captain Queeg") • Marlon Brando -- On the Waterfront ("Terry Malloy") • Bing Crosby -- The Country Girl ("Frank Elgin") • James Mason -- A Star Is Born ("Norman Maine/Alfred Hinkel") • Dan O'Herlihy -- Adventures of Robinson Crusoe ("Robinson Crusoe") ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Lee J. Cobb -- On the Waterfront ("Johnny Friendly") • Karl Malden -- On the Waterfront ("Father Barry") • Edmond O'Brien -- The Barefoot Contessa ("Oscar Muldoon") • Rod Steiger -- On the Waterfront ("Charles Malloy") • Tom Tully -- The Caine Mutiny ("Captain DeVriess") ACTRESS • Dorothy Dandridge -- Carmen Jones ("Carmen Jones") • Judy Garland -- A Star Is Born ("Esther Blodgett/Vicki Lester") • Audrey Hepburn -- Sabrina ("Sabrina Fairchild") • Grace Kelly -- The Country Girl ("Georgie Elgin") • Jane Wyman -- Magnificent Obsession ("Helen Phillips") ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Nina Foch -- Executive Suite ("Erica Martin") • Katy Jurado -- Broken Lance ("Senora Devereaux") • Eva Marie Saint -- On the Waterfront ("Edie Doyle") • Jan Sterling -- The High and the Mighty ("Sally McKee") • Claire Trevor -- The High and the Mighty ("Mary Holst") ART DIRECTION (Black-and-White)The Country Girl -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Roland Anderson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Grace Gregory • Executive Suite -- Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Edward Carfagno; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Emile Kuri • Le Plaisir -- Max Ophuls • On the Waterfront -- Richard DaySabrina -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Walter Tyler; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Ray Moyer ART DIRECTION (Color)Brigadoon -- Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Preston Ames; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Keogh Gleason • Desiree -- Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler, Leland Fuller; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox • Red Garters -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Roland Anderson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Ray Moyer • A Star Is Born -- Art Direction: Malcolm Bert, Gene Allen, Irene Sharaff; Set Decoration: George James Hopkins • 20,000 Leagues under the Sea -- Art Direction: John Meehan; Set Decoration: Emile Kuri CINEMATOGRAPHY (Black-and-White)The Country Girl -- John F. Warren • Executive Suite -- George Folsey • On the Waterfront -- Boris KaufmanRogue Cop -- John Seitz • Sabrina -- Charles Lang, Jr. CINEMATOGRAPHY (Color)The Egyptian -- Leon Shamroy • Rear Window -- Robert Burks • Seven Brides for Seven Brothers -- George Folsey • The Silver Chalice -- William V. Skall • Three Coins in the Fountain -- Milton Krasner COSTUME DESIGN (Black-and-White)The Earrings of Madame de... -- Georges Annenkov, Rosine Delamare • Executive Suite -- Helen Rose • Indiscretion of an American Wife -- Christian Dior • It Should Happen to You -- Jean Louis • Sabrina -- Edith Head COSTUME DESIGN (Color)Brigadoon -- Irene Sharaff • Desiree -- Charles LeMaire, René Hubert • Gate of Hell -- Sanzo WadaA Star Is Born -- Jean Louis, Mary Ann Nyberg, Irene Sharaff • There's No Business Like Show Business -- Charles LeMaire, Travilla, Miles White DIRECTINGThe Country Girl -- George Seaton • The High and the Mighty -- William Wellman • On the Waterfront -- Elia KazanRear Window -- Alfred Hitchcock • Sabrina -- Billy Wilder DOCUMENTARY (Feature)The Stratford Adventure -- Guy Glover, Producer • The Vanishing Prairie -- Walt Disney, Producer DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)Jet Carrier -- Otto Lang, Producer • Rembrandt: A Self-Portrait -- Morrie Roizman, Producer • Thursday's Children -- World Wide Pictures and Morse Films FILM EDITINGThe Caine Mutiny -- William A. Lyon, Henry Batista • The High and the Mighty -- Ralph Dawson • On the Waterfront -- Gene MilfordSeven Brides for Seven Brothers -- Ralph E. Winters • 20,000 Leagues under the Sea -- Elmo Williams MUSIC (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture)The Caine Mutiny -- Max Steiner • Genevieve -- Larry Adler • The High and the Mighty -- Dimitri TiomkinOn the Waterfront -- Leonard Bernstein • The Silver Chalice -- Franz Waxman MUSIC (Scoring of a Musical Picture)Carmen Jones -- Herschel Burke Gilbert • The Glenn Miller Story -- Joseph Gershenson, Henry Mancini • Seven Brides for Seven Brothers -- Adolph Deutsch, Saul ChaplinA Star Is Born -- Ray Heindorf • There's No Business Like Show Business -- Alfred Newman, Lionel Newman MUSIC (Song) • "Count Your Blessings Instead of Sheep" from White Christmas -- Music and Lyrics by Irving Berlin • "The High and the Mighty" from The High and the Mighty -- Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington • "Hold My Hand" from Susan Slept Here -- Music and Lyrics by Jack Lawrence and Richard Myers • "The Man That Got Away" from A Star Is Born -- Music by Harold Arlen; Lyrics by Ira Gershwin • "Three Coins in the Fountain" from Three Coins in the Fountain -- Music by Jule Styne; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn BEST MOTION PICTUREThe Caine Mutiny -- Stanley Kramer, Producer • The Country Girl -- William Perlberg, Producer • On the Waterfront -- Sam Spiegel, ProducerSeven Brides for Seven Brothers -- Jack Cummings, Producer • Three Coins in the Fountain -- Sol C. Siegel, Producer SHORT SUBJECT (Cartoon)Crazy Mixed Up Pup -- Walter Lantz, Producer • Pigs Is Pigs -- Walt Disney, Producer • Sandy Claws -- Edward Selzer, Producer • Touché, Pussy Cat -- Fred Quimby, Producer • When Magoo Flew -- Stephen Bosustow, Producer SHORT SUBJECT (One-reel)The First Piano Quartette -- Otto Lang, Producer • The Strauss Fantasy -- Johnny Green, Producer • This Mechanical Age -- Robert Youngson, Producer SHORT SUBJECT (Two-reel)Beauty and the Bull -- Cedric Francis, Producer • Jet Carrier -- Otto Lang, Producer • Siam -- Walt Disney, Producer • A Time Out of War -- Denis Sanders and Terry Sanders, Producers SOUND RECORDINGBrigadoon -- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department, Wesley C. Miller, Sound Director • The Caine Mutiny -- Columbia Studio Sound Department, John P. Livadary, Sound Director • The Glenn Miller Story -- Universal-International Studio Sound Department, Leslie I. Carey, Sound DirectorRear Window -- Paramount Studio Sound Department, Loren L. Ryder, Sound Director • Susan Slept Here -- RKO Radio Studio Sound Department, John O. Aalberg, Sound Director SPECIAL EFFECTSHell and High Water -- 20th Century-Fox Studio • Them! -- Warner Bros. Studio • 20,000 Leagues under the Sea -- Walt Disney Studios WRITING (Motion Picture Story)Bread, Love and Dreams -- Ettore Margadonna • Broken Lance -- Philip YordanForbidden Games -- François Boyer • Night People -- Jed Harris, Tom Reed • There's No Business Like Show Business -- Lamar Trotti WRITING (Screenplay)The Caine Mutiny -- Stanley Roberts • The Country Girl -- George SeatonRear Window -- John Michael Hayes • Sabrina -- Billy Wilder, Samuel Taylor, Ernest Lehman • Seven Brides for Seven Brothers -- Albert Hackett, Frances Goodrich, Dorothy Kingsley WRITING (Story and Screenplay)The Barefoot Contessa -- Joseph L. Mankiewicz • Genevieve -- William Rose • The Glenn Miller Story -- Valentine Davies, Oscar Brodney • Knock on Wood -- Norman Panama, Melvin Frank • On the Waterfront -- Budd Schulberg HONORARY FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM AWARDTo Gate of Hell - Best Foreign Language Film first released in the United States during 1954. HONORARY AWARD • To Bausch & Lomb Optical Company for their contributions to the advancement of the motion picture industry. • To Kemp R. Niver for the development of the Renovare Process which has made possible the restoration of the Library of Congress Paper Film Collection. • To Greta Garbo for her unforgettable screen performances. • To Danny Kaye for his unique talents, his service to the Academy, the motion picture industry, and the American people. • To Jon Whiteley for his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers. • To Vincent Winter for his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers. SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Class I) • To PARAMOUNT PICTURES, INC., LOREN L. RYDER, JOHN R. BISHOP and all the members of the technical and engineering staff for developing a method of producing and exhibiting motion pictures known as VistaVision. [Systems] SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Class III) • To DAVID S. HORSLEY and the UNIVERSAL-INTERNATIONAL STUDIO SPECIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC DEPARTMENT for a portable remote control device for process projectors. [Special Photographic] • To KARL FREUND and FRANK CRANDELL of Photo Research Corporation for the design and development of a direct reading brightness meter. [Photography] • To WESLEY C. MILLER, J.W. STAFFORD, K.M. FRIERSON and the METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER STUDIO SOUND DEPARTMENT for an electronic sound printing comparison device. [Sound] • To JOHN P. LIVADARY, LLOYD RUSSELL and the COLUMBIA STUDIO SOUND DEPARTMENT for an improved limiting amplifier as applied to sound level comparison devices. [Sound] • To ROLAND MILLER and MAX GOEPPINGER of Magnascope Corporation for the design and development of a cathode ray magnetic sound track viewer. [Sound] • To CARLOS RIVAS, G.M. SPRAGUE and the METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER STUDIO SOUND DEPARTMENT for the design of a magnetic sound editing machine. [Sound] • To FRED WILSON of the Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department for the design of a variable multiple-band equalizer. [Sound] • To P.C. YOUNG of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Projection Department for the practical application of a variable focal length attachment to motion picture projector lenses. [Projection] • To FRED KNOTH and ORIEN ERNEST of the Universal-International Studio Technical Department for the development of a hand portable, electric, dry oil-fog machine. [Stage Operations]
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