The Academy Awards

Season 28 Episode 1

The 28th Annual Academy Awards

0
Aired Unknown Mar 21, 1956 on ABC

Episode Recap

ACTOR
Ernest Borgnine -- Marty ("Marty Pilletti")
• James Cagney -- Love Me or Leave Me ("Martin Snyder")
• James Dean -- East of Eden ("Cal Trask")
• Frank Sinatra -- The Man with the Golden Arm ("Frankie")
• Spencer Tracy -- Bad Day at Black Rock ("John J. Macreedy")

ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
• Arthur Kennedy -- Trial ("Barney Castle")
Jack Lemmon -- Mister Roberts ("Ensign Pulver")
• Joe Mantell -- Marty ("Angie")
• Sal Mineo -- Rebel without a Cause ("Plato")
• Arthur O'Connell -- Picnic ("Howard Bevans")

ACTRESS
• Susan Hayward -- I'll Cry Tomorrow ("Lillian Roth")
• Katharine Hepburn -- Summertime ("Jane Hudson")
• Jennifer Jones -- Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing ("Han Suyin")
Anna Magnani -- The Rose Tattoo ("Serafina Della Rose")
• Eleanor Parker -- Interrupted Melody ("Marjorie Lawrence")

ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
• Betsy Blair -- Marty ("Clara Snyder")
• Peggy Lee -- Pete Kelly's Blues ("Rose Hopkins")
• Marisa Pavan -- The Rose Tattoo ("Rosa Della Rose")
Jo Van Fleet -- East of Eden ("Kate")
• Natalie Wood -- Rebel without a Cause ("Judy")

ART DIRECTION (Black-and-White)
Blackboard Jungle -- Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Randall Duell; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Henry Grace
I'll Cry Tomorrow -- Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, Malcolm Brown; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis, Hugh B. Hunt
The Man with the Golden Arm -- Art Direction: Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Darrell Silvera
Marty -- Art Direction: Edward S. Haworth, Walter Simonds; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley
The Rose Tattoo -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Tambi Larsen; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Arthur Krams

ART DIRECTION (Color)
Daddy Long Legs -- Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler, John DeCuir; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox
Guys and Dolls -- Art Direction: Oliver Smith, Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Howard Bristol
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler, George W. Davis; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Jack Stubbs
Picnic -- Art Direction: William Flannery, Jo Mielziner; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley
To Catch a Thief -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Joseph McMillan Johnson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Arthur Krams

CINEMATOGRAPHY (Black-and-White)
Blackboard Jungle -- Russell Harlan
I'll Cry Tomorrow -- Arthur E. Arling
Marty -- Joseph LaShelle
Queen Bee -- Charles Lang
The Rose Tattoo -- James Wong Howe

CINEMATOGRAPHY (Color)
Guys and Dolls -- Harry Stradling
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Leon Shamroy
A Man Called Peter -- Harold Lipstein
Oklahoma! -- Robert Surtees
To Catch a Thief -- Robert Burks

COSTUME DESIGN (Black-and-White)
I'll Cry Tomorrow -- Helen Rose
The Pickwick Papers -- Beatrice Dawson
Queen Bee -- Jean Louis
The Rose Tattoo -- Edith Head
Ugetsu -- Tadaoto Kainoscho

COSTUME DESIGN (Color)
Guys and Dolls -- Irene Sharaff
Interrupted Melody -- Helen Rose
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Charles LeMaire
To Catch a Thief -- Edith Head
The Virgin Queen -- Charles LeMaire, Mary Wills

DIRECTING
Bad Day at Black Rock -- John Sturges
East of Eden -- Elia Kazan
Marty -- Delbert Mann
Picnic -- Joshua Logan
Summertime -- David Lean

DOCUMENTARY (Feature)
Heartbreak Ridge -- Rene Risacher, Producer
Helen Keller in Her Story -- Nancy Hamilton, Producer

DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)
The Battle of Gettysburg -- Dore Schary, Producer
The Face of Lincoln -- Wilbur T. Blume, Producer
Men against the Arctic -- Walt Disney, Producer

FILM EDITING
Blackboard Jungle -- Ferris Webster
The Bridges at Toko-Ri -- Alma Macrorie
Oklahoma! -- Gene Ruggiero, George Boemler
Picnic -- Charles Nelson, William A. Lyon
The Rose Tattoo -- Warren Low

MUSIC (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture)
Battle Cry -- Max Steiner
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Alfred Newman
The Man with the Golden Arm -- Elmer Bernstein
Picnic -- George Duning
The Rose Tattoo -- Alex North

MUSIC (Scoring of a Musical Picture)
Daddy Long Legs -- Alfred Newman
Guys and Dolls -- Jay Blackton, Cyril J. Mockridge
It's Always Fair Weather -- Andre Previn
Love Me or Leave Me -- Percy Faith, George Stoll
Oklahoma! -- Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton, Adolph Deutsch

MUSIC (Song)
• "I'll Never Stop Loving You" from Love Me or Leave Me -- Music by Nicholas Brodszky; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn
"Love Is a Many-Spendored Thing" from Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Music by Sammy Fain; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster
• "Something's Gotta Give" from Daddy Long Legs -- Music and Lyrics by Johnny Mercer
• "(Love Is) The Tender Trap" from The Tender Trap -- Music by James Van Heusen; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn
• "Unchained Melody" from Unchained -- Music by Alex North; Lyrics by Hy Zaret

BEST MOTION PICTURE
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- Buddy Adler, Producer
Marty -- Harold Hecht, Producer
Mister Roberts -- Leland Hayward, Producer
Picnic -- Fred Kohlmar, Producer
The Rose Tattoo -- Hal B. Wallis, Producer

SHORT SUBJECT (Cartoon)
Good Will to Men -- Fred Quimby, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Producers
The Legend of Rock-a-bye Point -- Walter Lantz, Producer
No Hunting -- Walt Disney, Producer
Speedy Gonzales -- Edward Selzer, Producer

SHORT SUBJECT (One-reel)
Gadgets Galore -- Robert Youngson, Producer
Survival City -- Edmund Reek, Producer
3rd Ave. El -- Carson Davidson, Producer
Three Kisses -- Justin Herman, Producer

SHORT SUBJECT (Two-reel)
The Battle of Gettysburg -- Dore Schary, Producer
The Face of Lincoln -- Wilbur T. Blume, Producer
On the Twelfth Day... -- George K. Arthur, Producer
Switzerland -- Walt Disney, Producer
24-Hour Alert -- Cedric Francis, Producer

SOUND RECORDING
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing -- 20th Century-Fox Studio Sound Department, Carl W. Faulkner, Sound Director
Love Me or Leave Me -- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department, Wesley C. Miller, Sound Director
Mister Roberts -- Warner Bros. Studio Sound Department, William A. Mueller, Sound Director
Not as a Stranger -- Radio Corporation of America Sound Department, Watson Jones, Sound Director
Oklahoma! -- Todd-AO Sound Department, Fred Hynes, Sound Director

SPECIAL EFFECTS
The Bridges at Toko-Ri -- Paramount Studio
The Dam Busters -- Associated British Picture Corporation, Ltd.
The Rains of Ranchipur -- 20th Century-Fox Studio

WRITING (Motion Picture Story)
Love Me or Leave Me -- Daniel Fuchs
The Private War of Major Benson -- Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher
Rebel without a Cause -- Nicholas Ray
The Sheep Has Five Legs -- Jean Marsan, Henry Troyat, Jacques Perret, Henri Verneuil, Raoul Ploquin
Strategic Air Command -- Beirne Lay, Jr.

WRITING (Screenplay)
Bad Day at Black Rock -- Millard Kaufman
Blackboard Jungle -- Richard Brooks
East of Eden -- Paul Osborn
Love Me or Leave Me -- Daniel Fuchs, Isobel Lennart
Marty -- Paddy Chayefsky

WRITING (Story and Screenplay)
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell -- Milton Sperling, Emmet Lavery
Interrupted Melody -- William Ludwig, Sonya Levien
It's Always Fair Weather -- Betty Comden, Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot's Holiday -- Jacques Tati, Henri Marquet
The Seven Little Foys -- Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose

HONORARY FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM AWARD
• To Samurai, The Legend of Musashi - Best Foreign Language Film first released in the United States during 1955.

SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (I)
• To the NATIONAL CARBON CO. for the development and production of a high efficiency yellow flame carbon for motion picture color photography. [Lighting]

SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (II)
• To the EASTMAN KODAK CO. for Eastman Tri-X Panchromatic Negative Film. [Film]
• To FARCIOT EDOUART, HAL CORL and the PARAMOUNT STUDIO TRANSPARENCY DEPARTMENT for the engineering and development of a double-frame, triple-head background projector. [Special Photographic]

SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (III)
• To 20TH CENTURY-FOX STUDIO and the BAUSCH & LOMB CO. for the new combination lenses for CinemaScope Photography. [Lenses and Filters]
• To WALTER JOLLEY, MAURICE LARSON and R.H. SPIES of 20th Century-Fox Studio for a spraying process which creates simulated metallic surfaces. [Props]
• To STEVE KRILANOVICH for an improved camera dolly incorporating multi-directional steering. [Camera Cranes]
• To DAVE ANDERSON of 20th Century-Fox Studio for an improved spotlight capable of maintaining a fixed circle of light at constant intensity over varied distances. [Lighting]
• To LOREN L. RYDER, CHARLES WEST, HENRY FRACKER and the PARAMOUNT STUDIOS for a projection film index to establish proper framing for various aspect ratios. [Projection]
• To FARCIOT EDOUART, HAL CORL and the PARAMOUNT STUDIO TRANSPARENCY DEPARTMENT for an improved dual stereopticon background projector. [Special Photographic]
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