The Academy Awards

Season 31 Episode 1

The 31st Annual Academy Awards

Aired Sunday 8:30 PM Apr 06, 1959 on ABC

Episode Recap

ACTOR • Tony Curtis -- The Defiant Ones ("John 'Joker' Jackson") • Paul Newman -- Cat on a Hot Tin Roof ("Brick Pollitt") • David Niven -- Separate Tables ("Major Pollock") • Sidney Poitier -- The Defiant Ones ("Noah Cullen") • Spencer Tracy -- The Old Man and the Sea ("The Old Man") ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Theodore Bikel -- The Defiant Ones ("Sheriff Max Muller") • Lee J. Cobb -- The Brothers Karamazov ("Fyodor Karamazov") • Burl Ives -- The Big Country ("Rufus Hannassey") • Arthur Kennedy -- Some Came Running ("Frank Hirsh") • Gig Young -- Teacher's Pet ("Dr. Hugo Pine") ACTRESSSusan Hayward -- I Want to Live! ("Barbara Graham") • Deborah Kerr -- Separate Tables ("Sibyl Railton-Bell") • Shirley MacLaine -- Some Came Running ("Ginny Moorhead") • Rosalind Russell -- Auntie Mame ("Auntie Mame Dennis") • Elizabeth Taylor -- Cat on a Hot Tin Roof ("Maggie Pollitt") ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Peggy Cass -- Auntie Mame ("Agnes Gooch") • Wendy Hiller -- Separate Tables ("Pat Cooper") • Martha Hyer -- Some Came Running ("Gwen French") • Maureen Stapleton -- Lonelyhearts ("Fay Doyle") • Cara Williams -- The Defiant Ones ("The Woman") ART DIRECTIONAuntie Mame -- Art Direction: Malcolm Bert; Set Decoration: George James Hopkins • Bell, Book and Candle -- Art Direction: Cary Odell; Set Decoration: Louis Diage • A Certain Smile -- Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler, John DeCuir; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox • Gigi -- Art Direction: William A. Horning, Preston Ames; Set Decoration: Henry Grace, Keogh GleasonVertigo -- Art Direction: Hal Pereira, Henry Bumstead; Set Decoration: Sam Comer, Frank McKelvy CINEMATOGRAPHY (Black-and-White)The Defiant Ones -- Sam LeavittDesire under the Elms -- Daniel L. Fapp • I Want to Live! -- Lionel Lindon • Separate Tables -- Charles Lang, Jr. • The Young Lions -- Joe MacDonald CINEMATOGRAPHY (Color)Auntie Mame -- Harry Stradling, Sr. • Cat on a Hot Tin Roof -- William Daniels • Gigi -- Joseph RuttenbergThe Old Man and the Sea -- James Wong Howe • South Pacific -- Leon Shamroy COSTUME DESIGNBell, Book and Candle -- Jean Louis • The Buccaneer -- Ralph Jester, Edith Head, John Jensen • A Certain Smile -- Charles LeMaire, Mary Wills • Gigi -- Cecil BeatonSome Came Running -- Walter Plunkett DIRECTINGCat on a Hot Tin Roof -- Richard Brooks • The Defiant Ones -- Stanley Kramer • Gigi -- Vincente MinnelliI Want to Live! -- Robert Wise • The Inn of the Sixth Happiness -- Mark Robson DOCUMENTARY (Feature)Antarctic Crossing -- James Carr, Producer • The Hidden World -- Robert Snyder, Producer • Psychiatric Nursing -- Nathan Zucker, Producer • White Wilderness -- Ben Sharpsteen, Producer DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)Ama Girls -- Ben Sharpsteen, ProducerEmployees Only -- Kenneth G. Brown, Producer • Journey into Spring -- Ian Ferguson, Producer • The Living Stone -- Tom Daly, Producer • Overture -- Thorold Dickinson, Producer FILM EDITINGAuntie Mame -- William Ziegler • Cowboy -- William A. Lyon, Al Clark • The Defiant Ones -- Frederic Knudtson • Gigi -- Adrienne FazanI Want to Live! -- William Hornbeck FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILMArms and the Man -- West Germany • La Venganza -- Spain • My Uncle -- FranceThe Road a Year Long -- Yugoslavia • The Usual Unidentified Thieves -- Italy MUSIC (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture)The Big Country -- Jerome Moross • The Old Man and the Sea -- Dimitri TiomkinSeparate Tables -- David Raksin • White Wilderness -- Oliver Wallace • The Young Lions -- Hugo Friedhofer MUSIC (Scoring of a Musical Picture)The Bolshoi Ballet -- Yuri Faier, G. Rozhdestvensky • Damn Yankees -- Ray Heindorf • Gigi -- Andre PrevinMardi Gras -- Lionel Newman • South Pacific -- Alfred Newman, Ken Darby MUSIC (Song) • "Almost in Your Arms (Love Song from 'Houseboat')" from Houseboat -- Music and Lyrics by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans • "A Certain Smile" from A Certain Smile -- Music by Sammy Fain; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster • "Gigi" from Gigi -- Music by Frederick Loewe; Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner • "To Love and Be Loved" from Some Came Running -- Music by James Van Heusen; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn • "A Very Precious Love" from Marjorie Morningstar -- Music by Sammy Fain; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster BEST MOTION PICTUREAuntie Mame -- Warner Bros. • Cat on a Hot Tin Roof -- Lawrence Weingarten, Producer • The Defiant Ones -- Stanley Kramer, Producer • Gigi -- Arthur Freed, ProducerSeparate Tables -- Harold Hecht, Producer SHORT SUBJECT (Cartoon)Knighty Knight Bugs -- John W. Burton, ProducerPaul Bunyan -- Walt Disney, Producer • Sidney's Family Tree -- William M. Weiss, Producer SHORT SUBJECT (Live Action)Grand Canyon -- Walt Disney, ProducerJourney into Spring -- Ian Ferguson, Producer • The Kiss -- John Patrick Hayes, Producer • Snows of Aorangi -- New Zealand Screen Board • T Is for Tumbleweed -- James A. Lebenthal, Producer SOUNDI Want to Live! -- Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department, Gordon E. Sawyer, Sound Director • South Pacific -- Todd-AO Sound Department, Fred Hynes, Sound DirectorA Time to Love and a Time to Die -- Universal-International Studio Sound Department, Leslie I. Carey, Sound Director • Vertigo -- Paramount Studio Sound Department, George Dutton, Sound Director • The Young Lions -- 20th Century-Fox Studio Sound Department, Carl Faulkner, Sound Director SPECIAL EFFECTStom thumb -- Visual Effects by Tom Howard • Torpedo Run -- Visual Effects by A. Arnold Gillespie; Audible Effects by Harold Humbrock WRITING (Screenplay--based on material from another medium)Cat on a Hot Tin Roof -- Richard Brooks, James Poe • Gigi -- Alan Jay LernerThe Horse's Mouth -- Alec Guinness • I Want to Live! -- Nelson Gidding, Don Mankiewicz • Separate Tables -- Terence Rattigan, John Gay WRITING (Story and Screenplay--written directly for the screen)The Defiant Ones -- Nedrick Young, Harold Jacob SmithThe Goddess -- Paddy Chayefsky • Houseboat -- Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose • The Sheepman -- Story by James Edward Grant; Screenplay by William Bowers, James Edward Grant • Teacher's Pet -- Fay Kanin, Michael Kanin HONORARY AWARD • To Maurice Chevalier for his contributions to the world of entertainment for more than half a century. IRVING G. THALBERG MEMORIAL AWARDJack L. Warner SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Class II) • To DON W. PRIDEAUX, LEROY G. LEIGHTON and the LAMP DIVISION OF GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. for the development and production of an improved 10 kilowatt lamp for motion picture set lighting. [Lighting] • To PANAVISION, INC., for the design and development of the Auto Panatar anamorphic photographic lens for 35mm CinemaScope photography. [Lenses and Filters] SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Class III) • To WILLY BORBERG of the General Precision Laboratory, Inc., for the development of a high speed intermittent movement for 35mm motion picture theatre projection equipment. [Projection] • To FRED PONEDEL, GEORGE BROWN and CONRAD BOYE of the Warner Bros. Special Effects Department for the design and fabrication of a new rapid fire marble gun. [Stage Operations]