The Academy Awards

Season 56 Episode 1

The 56th Annual Academy Awards

Aired Sunday 8:30 PM Apr 09, 1984 on ABC

Episode Recap

ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE • Michael Caine -- Educating Rita ("Dr. Frank Bryant") • Tom Conti -- Reuben, Reuben ("Gowan McGland") • Tom Courtenay -- The Dresser ("Norman") • Robert Duvall -- Tender Mercies ("Mac Sledge") • Albert Finney -- The Dresser ("Sir") ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Charles Durning -- To Be or Not to Be ("Col. Erhardt") • John Lithgow -- Terms of Endearment ("Sam Burns") • Jack Nicholson -- Terms of Endearment ("Garrett Breedlove") • Sam Shepard -- The Right Stuff ("Chuck Yeager") • Rip Torn -- Cross Creek ("Marsh Turner") ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE • Jane Alexander -- Testament ("Carol Wetherly") • Shirley MacLaine -- Terms of Endearment ("Aurora Greenway") • Meryl Streep -- Silkwood ("Karen Silkwood") • Julie Walters -- Educating Rita ("Rita") • Debra Winger -- Terms of Endearment ("Emma Horton") ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE • Cher -- Silkwood ("Dolly Pelliker") • Glenn Close -- The Big Chill ("Sarah") • Linda Hunt -- The Year of Living Dangerously ("Billy Kwan") • Amy Irving -- Yentl ("Hadaas") • Alfre Woodard -- Cross Creek ("Geechee") ART DIRECTIONFanny & Alexander -- Anna AspReturn of the Jedi -- Art Direction: Norman Reynolds, Fred Hole, James Schoppe; Set Decoration: Michael Ford • The Right Stuff -- Art Direction: Geoffrey Kirkland, Richard J. Lawrence, W. Stewart Campbell, Peter Romero; Set Decoration: Pat Pending, George R. Nelson • Terms of Endearment -- Art Direction: Polly Platt, Harold Michelson; Set Decoration: Tom Pedigo, Anthony Mondello • Yentl -- Art Direction: Roy Walker, Leslie Tomkins; Set Decoration: Tessa Davies CINEMATOGRAPHYFanny & Alexander -- Sven NykvistFlashdance -- Don Peterman • The Right Stuff -- Caleb Deschanel • WarGames -- William A. Fraker • Zelig -- Gordon Willis COSTUME DESIGNCross Creek -- Joe I. Tompkins • Fanny & Alexander -- Marik VosHeart Like a Wheel -- William Ware Theiss • The Return of Martin Guerre -- Anne-Marie Marchand • Zelig -- Santo Loquasto DIRECTINGThe Dresser -- Peter Yates • Fanny & Alexander -- Ingmar Bergman • Silkwood -- Mike Nichols • Tender Mercies -- Bruce Beresford • Terms of Endearment -- James L. Brooks DOCUMENTARY (Feature)Children of Darkness -- Richard Kotuk and Ara Chekmayan, Producers • First Contact -- Bob Connolly and Robin Anderson, Producers • He Makes Me Feel Like Dancin' -- Emile Ardolino, ProducerThe Profession of Arms -- Michael Bryans and Tina Viljoen, Producers • Seeing Red -- James Klein and Julia Reichert, Producers DOCUMENTARY (Short Subject)Flamenco at 5:15 -- Cynthia Scott and Adam Symansky, ProducersIn the Nuclear Shadow: What Can the Children Tell Us? -- Vivienne Verdon-Roe and Eric Thiermann, Producers • Sewing Woman -- Arthur Dong, Producer • Spaces: The Architecture of Paul Rudolph -- Robert Eisenhardt, Producer • You Are Free (Ihr Zent Frei) -- Dea Brokman and Ilene Landis, Producers FILM EDITINGBlue Thunder -- Frank Morriss, Edward Abroms • Flashdance -- Bud Smith, Walt Mulconery • The Right Stuff -- Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Stephen A. Rotter, Douglas Stewart, Tom RolfSilkwood -- Sam O'Steen • Terms of Endearment -- Richard Marks FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILMCarmen -- Spain • Entre Nous -- France • Fanny & Alexander -- SwedenJob's Revolt -- Hungary • Le Bal -- Algeria MUSIC (Original Score)Cross Creek -- Leonard Rosenman • Return of the Jedi -- John Williams • The Right Stuff -- Bill ContiTerms of Endearment -- Michael Gore • Under Fire -- Jerry Goldsmith MUSIC (Original Song Score or Adaptation Score)The Sting II -- Adaptation Score by Lalo Schifrin • Trading Places -- Adaptation Score by Elmer Bernstein • Yentl -- Song Score by Michel Legrand, Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman MUSIC (Original Song)"Flashdance...What a Feeling" from Flashdance -- Music by Giorgio Moroder; Lyric by Keith Forsey and Irene Cara • "Maniac" from Flashdance -- Music and Lyric by Michael Sembello and Dennis Matkosky • "Over You" from Tender Mercies -- Music and Lyric by Austin Roberts and Bobby Hart • "Papa, Can You Hear Me?" from Yentl -- Music by Michel Legrand; Lyric by Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman • "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl -- Music by Michel Legrand; Lyric by Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman BEST PICTUREThe Big Chill -- Michael Shamberg, Producer • The Dresser -- Peter Yates, Producer • The Right Stuff -- Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff, Producers • Tender Mercies -- Philip S. Hobel, Producer • Terms of Endearment -- James L. Brooks, Producer SHORT FILM (Animated)Mickey's Christmas Carol -- Burny Mattinson, Producer • Sound of Sunshine - Sound of Rain -- Eda Godel Hallinan, Producer • Sundae in New York -- Jimmy Picker, Producer SHORT FILM (Live Action)Boys and Girls -- Janice L. Platt, ProducerGoodie-Two-Shoes -- Ian Emes, Producer • Overnight Sensation -- Jon N. Bloom, Producer SOUNDNever Cry Wolf -- Alan R. Splet, Todd Boekelheide, Randy Thom, David Parker • Return of the Jedi -- Ben Burtt, Gary Summers, Randy Thom, Tony Dawe • The Right Stuff -- Mark Berger, Tom Scott, Randy Thom, David MacMillanTerms of Endearment -- Donald O. Mitchell, Rick Kline, Kevin O'Connell, Jim Alexander • WarGames -- Michael J. Kohut, Carlos de Larios, Aaron Rochin, Willie D. Burton SOUND EFFECTS EDITINGReturn of the Jedi -- Ben Burtt • The Right Stuff -- Jay Boekelheide WRITING (Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium)Betrayal -- Harold Pinter • The Dresser -- Ronald Harwood • Educating Rita -- Willy Russell • Reuben, Reuben -- Julius J. Epstein • Terms of Endearment -- James L. Brooks WRITING (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)The Big Chill -- Lawrence Kasdan, Barbara Benedek • Fanny & Alexander -- Ingmar Bergman • Silkwood -- Nora Ephron, Alice Arlen • Tender Mercies -- Horton FooteWarGames -- Lawrence Lasker, Walter F. Parkes SPECIAL ACHIEVEMENT AWARD (Visual Effects)Return of the Jedi -- Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Ken Ralston, Phil Tippett JEAN HERSHOLT HUMANITARIAN AWARDM. J. Frankovich HONORARY AWARD • To Hal Roach, in recognition of his unparalleled record of distinguished contributions to the motion picture art form. GORDON E. SAWYER AWARDDr. John G. Frayne SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Academy Award of Merit) • To DR. KURT LARCHE of OSRAM GmbH for the research and development of xenon short-arc discharge lamps for motion picture projection. [Projection] SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Scientific and Engineering Award) • To JONATHAN ERLAND and ROGER DORNEY of Apogee, Incorporated, for the engineering and development of a reverse bluescreen traveling matte process for special effects photography. [Special Photographic] • To GERALD L. TURPIN of Lightflex International Limited for the design, engineering and development of an on-camera device providing contrast control, sourceless fill light and special effects for motion picture photography. [Camera] • To GUNNAR P. MICHELSON for the engineering and development of an improved, electronic, high-speed, precision light valve for use in motion picture printing machines. [Laboratory] SCIENTIFIC OR TECHNICAL AWARD (Technical Achievement Award) • To WILLIAM G. KROKAUGGER of Mole-Richardson Company for the design and engineering of a portable, 12,000 watt, lighting-control dimmer for use in motion picture production. [Lighting] • To CHARLES J. WATSON, LARRY L. LANGREHR and JOHN H. STEINER for the development of the BHP (electro-mechanical) fader for use on continuous motion picture contact printers. [Laboratory] • To ELIZABETH D. DE LA MARE of De La Mare Engineering, Incorporated, for the progressive development and continuous research of special effects pyrotechnics originally designed by Glenn W. De La Mare for motion picture production. [Stage Operations] • To DOUGLAS FRIES, JOHN LACEY and MICHAEL SIGRIST for the design and engineering of a 35mm reflex conversion camera system for special effects photography. [Camera] • To JACK CASHIN of Ultra-Stereo Labs, Incorporated, for the engineering and development of a 4-channel, stereophonic, decoding system for optical motion picture sound track reproduction. [Sound] • To DAVID J. DEGENKOLB for the design and development of an automated device used in the silver recovery process in motion picture laboratories. [Laboratory]