--The Four Aces (vocal quartet) - "Love Is a Many Splendored Thing" and "Friendly Persuasion (Thee I Love)."
--Marion Marlowe sings a medley of songs from "The King & I" ("Hello, Young Lovers," "Getting to Know You" and "I Have Dreamed").
--The Fujiwara Opera Co. (Japanese opera group) perform "Three Little Maids" (from "Madame Butterfly"), "Below" and "One Fine Day."
--Richard Hearne (British comedian, aka "Mr. Pastry") - plays a salesman in a sketch set in a drapery shop.
--The Goofers (comedy instrumental group) -"Pogo Stick."
World Series segment:
--Ed introduces sports announcers Vin Scully, Earl Gillespie, Blaine Walsh, George Bryson and Mark Scott.
--Vin Scully introduces individual members of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
--Earl Gillespie introduces the Milwaukee Braves.
--George Bryson introduces members of the Cincinnati Redlegs (name was changed from "Reds" to "Redlegs" during '50's Red scare).
(All three baseball teams were contenders for the World Series.)
--Carmen Basilio, the newly crowned welterweight champion, discusses his Sept. 12th fight with Johnny Saxton.
--Willie Hartack (jockey) is interviewed.
--Harvest Moon Ball dancers - winners from various categories.
--Cameo: Lou Perini (Milwaukee Braves owner).
--On film: Footage of a Japanese baseball game.
--On film: A clip from the movie "The Best Things in Life Are Free," which stars Ernest Borgnine, Gordon MacRae, Dan Dailey, Sheree North and, as himself, Ed Sullivan.
--Charles Laughton (guest host) - reads limericks, poems & does stand-up comedy routine titled "Little Girl And Wolf" (about the sadistic side of Little Red Riding Hood).
--Elvis Presley (in a remote from Hollywood) - "Don't be Cruel" and "Love Me Tender" (both songs with backing vocals by The Jordanaires).
--Elvis Presley (later in show, from Hollywood) - "Ready Teddy" and "Hound Dog."
--Dorothy Sarnoff sings "Something Wonderful" (in a scene from the "King And I").
--Amru Sani (female singer from India wearing traditional Indian clothes) - "I'm In The Mood For Love" and "My Bolero."
--The Vagabonds (novelty quartet) - "The Queens Ruler," "I Wonder" & "How You Gonna Keep Em' Down on the Farm," followed by comedy routine.
--Conn and Mann (duo tap dances to "Tea For Two")
--The Amin Brothers (acrobats)
--Patti Page (guest host) sings "Deed I Do" & "Allegheny Moon."
--Patti Page (at end of show) sings "Father, Father, Father."
--Kay Armen (vocalist) - "I Could Have Danced All Night" & "St. Louis Blues."
--The Jones Boys (vocal group) - "Marry A Rich Woman" & "The Jones Boy."
--Maria Neglia (violinist) - "Rumanian Rhapsody."
--Kay Ballard (comedienne) - does a routine about a singer with hiccups & talks about boyfriend Albert.
--Al Bernie (comedian) - topics include game shows, the United Nations, Russians, the Chinese, and Elvis.
--Mr. Ballantine (magic and comedy act).
--Bob & Betty Hightower (acrobatic dancers) - do circus acrobatics with lots of lifting, woman bends over backwards while on thin bar, and picks up napkin with teeth.
--Al Sturm (novelty act, does tricks with torn newspaper).
--Miss Mara (Circus trapeze artist)
--Carolyn Willis (National champion baton twirler)
--Preview of Neiman Marcus fashion show with Julie Wilson (from "The Pajama Game"); Ben Mill and Stanley Marcus. Scenes of models and accessories are shown.
--Kirk Douglas (actor, substituting while Ed continues his recovery from an auto accident).
--Randy Sparks (Apprentice Seaman, sings & plays guitar) performs "Ugly Woman."
--Jac Imel (Pacific Fleet Marine) - marimba song.
--Dick McMeekin (Navy Yeoman from Jacksonville Florida, sings & plays piano) - "Cecilia"
--Lieutenant Ted Forte (Serviceman From Norfolk Virginia) - songs a from Broadway's "Fanny."
--Richard Bain (harmonica virtuoso from the US Navy Band) - (possibly) "Sabre Dance."
--Lieutenant James Bowers (from Naval Auxiliary Air Station In North Carolina) sings "On the Street Where You Live."
--Corporal Emmitt Robert Rodifer (from Jacksonville Florida) lip-syncs to "I Want You To Be My Baby," a Georgia Gibbs record played at double speed.
--The Continentals (novelty band)
--The Jumpin' Jacks (Rockabilly band) - performs "The House Of Blue Lights."
--Lieutenant Alan Wagner (from Navy Public Information Office in New York) - comedy routine.
--Patricia Ryall (Seaman Apprentice) sings "The Wayward Wind."
--William Hrynkiw (accordion player) performs "Dizzy Fingers."
--The Four Bits (vocal quartet) - "Graduation Day."
--Leslie McCann (comic-pianist)
--Ben Mitchell Morris (soloist with the United States Navy Band)
--Danny White (Navy Yeoman) performs "The Shotgun Boogie."
--The U.S. Naval Aviation Cadet Choir (60-voice choir)
--Red Skelton (comedian appearing as guest host) - does comedy bits throughout the show.
--Frank Sinatra (in a non-singing appearance due to laryngitis) - appears at end of show with Skelton.
--Jeannie Carson (singer-comedian) sings "I Feel A Song Coming On" and "My One and Only Highland Fling."
--Don Cornell sings "Sorrento" and "Heaven Only Knows."
--Kovac and Rabovsky (Russian dancers).
--Pinto Del Oro (aerialist)
--On film: several Japanese acts filmed by Sullivan during his recent trip to Asia.
--On film: Scenes from the "Canadian Exposition" with a water-skiing elephant (possibly "Little Mo," performing elephant).
Much of this show is a tribute to The Yankees (baseball team) and their wives.
--Phil Silvers (comedian, filling in for Ed who was recuperating from his Aug. 6th auto accident).
--The Platters - "My Prayer" & "Dance With Me Henry."
--Jimmy Komac, Charlotte Rae, Dick Shawn, and Teresa Brewer - "You Gotta Have Heart" (song from the musical Damn Yankees).
--Teresa Brewer - "When I Leave The World Behind" and "I Love Mickey" (with Mickey Mantle's voice coming from off-stage).
--Charlotte Rae (comedian/actress) - does a comedy monolog about dieting and over-eating.
--Dick Shawn (comedian) - does a comedy routine about trying to get into big league baseball, playing for the Yankees, and also mentions Elvis Presley.
Tribute to the Yankees segments:
--Phil Silvers chats with Mickey Mantle (New York Yankees slugger). The two play catch while talking.
--Footage is shown of the wives of the 1956 New York Yankees performing various types of housework.
--Phil introduces the New York Yankees' wives: Mrs. Phil Rizzuto, Mrs. Whitey Ed Ford, Mrs. Mantle, Mrs. Kucks, Mrs. Byrne, Mrs. Sturdivant, Mrs. Yogi Berra, Mrs. Lucy Carey, Mrs. Skowron, Mrs. McDermott, Mrs. Howard, Mrs. Bill Dickey, Mrs. Coleman, Mrs. Morgan, Mrs. McDougald and Mrs. Morgan.
--Audience bow: Maurice Gosfield (comedian who plays Private Doberman on Phil's show dressed as his character).
(in costume as his character).
--Phil Silvers introduces Sidney L. James (managing editor of "Sports Illustrated")
Audience bows (Olympic heroes of the past and hopefully the present):
--Floyd Patterson (1952 Olympic Champion - boxing middle weight)
--Vince Ferguson (1956 Olympic Heavy Weight hopeful)
--John B. (Jack) Kelly and his son John Kelly Jr. talk with Phil Sllvers. Note: John B. Kelly was the father of Grace Kelly. He was also the singles and double Sculling champion in the 1920 & 1924 Olympics. John Kelly Jr., Grace Kelly's brother, was a Sculling contender for the 1956 Olympics in Australia.
--Jessie Owens (Olympic Athlete)
--Greg Bell (1956 Olympic Track contender)
--Eleanor Holm (1932 Olympic Swimming champion)
--Patty McCormick & Karen Cohen (1956 Olympic hopefuls)
--Walt Davis (1952 high jump Olympic champion)
--Charles Dumas (1956 Olympic hopeful)
--Parry O'Brien (1952 & 1956 Olympic shot put champion)
--Eddie Tolan (Olympic champion in the 1932 100M & 200M runs)
--Bobby Morrow (1956 Olympic Gold Medalist)
--Horace Ashenfelter (1952 Olympic champion in the steeple chase)
--Johnny Hays (1908 Olympic marathon champion)
--Johnny Weissmuller (100M & 400M swimming champion in the 1924 & 1928 Olympics)
--Dr. Sammy Lee (diving champion in 1952)
--Bill Woolsey (1956 silver medal swimmer)
--Harrison Dillon (100M & 200M hurdle champion in 1948 & 1952)
--Lee Calhoun (1956 Olympic hurdle champion)
--Jack Davis (Olympian)
--Reverend Bob Richards (Olympic pole vaulting champ)
--Rayford Johnson (1956 Silver Medal decathlon Olympian)
--Ray Barbuti (1928 400M Olympic champion)
--Mal Whitfield (1948 & 1952 Olympic champion in the 800M)
--Tom Coutrney (1956 Gold Medalist in the 800M)
--Arnold Sowell (1956 Olympian)
U.S. Air Force talent show (broadcast from McGuire Air Force Base at Wrightstown, N.J.). Scheduled to appear: --The Air Force fencing team --The Air Force judo team. Also: the Strolling Strings, Singing Sergeants, Keesler Chorus, the Westerners and airmen Dick Miller, Alfred King, Sherry Simms, Donald G. Baduria, Donna Byers, Ronnie Evans, Donald Pyburn, and William Dupree.moreless
Performers from the Ringling Brothers, Barnum & Bailey Circus:
--Emmett Kelly (circus clown)
--Merle Evans' Band (clarinet player with his circus band)
--The Cordons (whip act) - man slices a newspaper into pieces using a bull whip.
Additional circus performers (scheduled to appear):
--The Adnos (juggling act from Germany)
--Baby Opal (trained elephant)
--The Burtons (hand-balancing act from Germany)
--Dschapur and Rutha (jump act from India)
--Al De Gong and his 10 chimpanzees (trained animal act)
--Reberte Trio (comic acrobats from Italy) - perform a knockabout comedy routine.
--Miss Mara (trapeze artist from Spain)
--Pinito Del Oro (Spanish aerialist)
--Marion Seaford and her trick horses.
--Tito (Spanish acrobat) - lands on his head from a distance of ten feet.
--Tokeyo Sui (wire walker) - walks up and down an angled wire.
--Tonito (wire artist from Spain)
--The Two Marilex Brothers (plate spinning act from Spain)
--The Ames Brothers - "Autumn Leaves," "Dry Bones" and "It Only Hurts For A Little While."
--Ted Lewis dances with his "Shadow" while a chorus sings "Me & My Shadow."
--Ted Lewis - "Memories."
--Elaine Malbin (operatic soprano) - "This Is My Beloved."
--T. C. Jones (female impersonator) - does singing impressions of an American singer in Paris: "Two Loves Have I" (in French & English). At end of routine, reveals himself to be a man in drag.
--Jack Paar (guest host) - At end of show, does a routine about phobias.
--Professor Backwards (comedian) - Southern storyteller wearing graduation cap & gown, tells jokes, plays with words by writing letters on oom chalkboard.
--Larry Daniels (stand-up comedian) - does an Edward Morrow imitation & routine about airplane travel.
--The Moscow Bears - starts with film clip of a performance in Russia. Bears ride a merry-go-round, bikes.
--The Fredonias (acrobatic team)
--Audience bows: a group of circus performers
--Bing Crosby - filmed interview with Ed & clip from "High Society."
--Julie Andrews - "I Could Have Danced All Night" & "Show Me" (songs from "My Fair Lady")
--Louis Armstrong - "Muskrat Ramble," Faithful Hussar," "Stompin' at the Savoy" and "Basin Street Blues"
--Harold Long and Joan Holloway (dancers) - "Talking with Feet" (with the Toastettes)
--Shirley Yamaguchi (Japanese singer wearing a kimono) - "Cha Cha, Cio Cio San" & "We Kiss in Shadow"
--Wesson and Polk (comedy team) - collegiate humor.
--The Iowa Highlanders (Scottish Highlanders with bagpipes, from Iowa State University)
--Constance Bennett (actress & night club performer) sings "Moritat" (Mack the Knife) and is joined by two back-up singers for other songs (possibly "Dungaree Doll" and "A Teenage Prayer").
--Patachou (French chanteuse) sings "The Poor People of Paris" and "A Wonderful Guy."
--Charlotte Rae (comedian) - does impressions of the different types of opera singers: the prima donna, the contralto and the soprano.
--Myron Cohen (story-telling comedian)
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist)
--Contestants in the Miss Universe beauty contest.
--Sciplini's Chimps (trained animal act) - perform stunts on the parallel bars.
--In a remote from Boston, Ted Williams (of the Boston Red Sox) asks for contributions to the Jimmy Fund, which fights childhood cancer. Williams also makes a plea for the return of a 36-day old Peter Weinberger who was kidnapped 4 days earlier from the patio of his Westbury, NY home.
A Salute to producer-director John Huston.
--Jose Ferrer is interviewed by Ed (via split-screen).
--Edward G. Robinson and Ed Sullivan do a gangster sketch.
--Edward G. Robinson, John Huston, and Ed introduce Lauren Bacall.
--Lauren Bacall talks of how Humphrey Bogart collaborated with John Huston on "The African Queen."
--Burl Ives (folk singer) performs "Blow Ye Winds" and "Eddystone Light."
--Gregory Peck - does a reading as Captain Ahab.
--Gregory Peck introduces his wife Veronique in audience.
--Vincent Price (actor) and Billy Pearson (jockey), who competed against each other as art experts on the "$64,000 Challenge," appear together in a sketch.
--Audience bows: Mrs. Walter Huston (Walter Huston's mother); Friedrich von Ledebur (actor); Mayor Frank Lawler; Mr. Whitelaw Reid (of the New York Herald Tribune); and Vivian Blaine (actress-singer).
--Ed interviews John Huston & Gregory Peck on the set of "Moby Dick" (segment probably from the November 21, 1954 "Toast of the Town").
--John and Walter Huston receiving Academy Awards for "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre."
--Clips from Jon Huston's movies: "Moby Dick" (1956), "Moulin Rouge" (1952), "The Maltese Falcon" (1941), "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" (1948), "San Pietro" (1945 documentary), "The African Queen" (1951) and "Key Largo" (1948).
8th Anniversary Show
Tributes to Ed:
--Ethel Merman, Shelley Winters, Ruth Gordon and Sam Levy sing "Sullivan for Me."
--Louis Armstrong - surprises Ed and sings "Happy Birthday."
--In Hollywood: Ronald Reagan, Natalie Wood, Robert Walker, Walt Disney, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz sing "Happy Anniversary" in a tribute to Sullivan.
--In Chicago, Phil Silvers with the Sgt. Bilko cast sing a tribute to Ed.
--Harry Belafonte - "Take My Mother Home" and "Jamaica Farewell."
--Kate Smith sings a medley of "I'm Gonna Live Till I Die," "I Hear a Rhapsody" and "I've Got the World On a String."
--Teresa Brewer sings a medley of "Music! Music! Music!" "Till I Waltz Again With You," "Ricochet" and "A Sweet Old Fashioned Girl."
--Jack Paar (TV comedian) - pokes fun at mail order companies.
--Klauson's Bears (trained animal act) - bear rides bike.
--Gregory Peck - previews next week's show, "A Salute to John Huston."
--On film: UCLA sports all-stars (please see "Recap" for names).
The Annual All-Army Talent Show
--Charlie Applewhite, Richard Hayes and Gary Crosby - "This Is The Army" (All three singers were Army privates at the time).
-- Ertel & Scott (piano duet) - "The Man I Love."
--Field Artillery Gospel Singers - "You Better Run."
--The Polka Dots (clarinet polka) - "Chicken Polka."
--Pete Palmer - "Granada."
--The Four Gleemen (vocal quartet) - "Down On 33rd & 3rd."
--Trampoline Act (2 people leap through flaming hoops)
--Roger Lehman (tap dancer) - "I've Got Rhythm."
--Les Garcons De Paris - sing "C'est Si Bon."
--Hip Cat Hillbillies - sing "We're Getting Out."
--Tamtettes (5 man jazz combo, wearing shades & berets) - unknown song.
--Gen. John A. Klein introduces Secretary of the Army Brucker
--William Brucker presents Army plaque to Ed. New army flag unveiled.
Finale: Army Drill Team (at attention) - "The Army Goes Rolling Along."
--News correspondents:Joe Wilkes, Hal Boyle, Larry Laseur, Walter Cronkite, Charlie Lynch, Charlie Bain, Walt Peters, and Bill Higgenbotten.
--Additional audience bows: Sam Levenson, Vera Ellen, Jim Kahn, Brian Field (horse race announcer), Harry Lunger, and Lionel Shapiro.
--Nat King Cole sings "Somebody Loves Me" and "Dream Sonata."
--Nat King Cole (playing piano) - "Just One of Those Things."
--Joe Clay (Cajun rockabilly singer) - "Only You."
--Jacqueline Francois (French chanteuse) - "Mademoiselle de Paris."
--Edie Adams (singer-comedienne) - sings "Greensleeves" and does a Marilyn Monroe impersonation.
--T.C. Jones (female impersonator appearing in the upcoming "New Faces" revue) - imitates Bette Davis singing "Bill" (a song from the Broadway musical "Showboat").
--Jack Carter (comedian) - does a routine from his current Broadway show "Mr. Wonderful" and reprises bits he performed in earlier Broadway shows "Call Me Mister" and "Top Banana."
--Rickie Layne (ventriloquist with his puppet Velvel)
--Carol Haney (dancer) - dances to a medley of songs from Broadway's "Pajama Game."
--Audience bows: Archie Moore (heavy weight boxer), and members of the U.S. Navy's Blue Angels squadron.
--A repeat of the animated film "A Short Vision," which was originally shown on the May 27, 1956 "Ed Sullivan Show."
--Burt Lancaster and Tony Curtis reenact acrobatic stunts that they performed in their new movie "Trapeze."
--The studio audience joins Burt and Ed in singing "Happy Birthday" to Tony Curtis.
--The Four Lovers (musical group, precursor to The Four Seasons) - "Shake a Hand."
--Lily Pons (Metropolitan opera star)
--Orson Bean (comedian) talks about one of his ancestors and sings a folk song.
--Helen Wood (dancer)
--Benny Fields (veteran vaudeville entertainer)
--Audience bows include the producer and the director of "Trapeze" (probably James Hill and Carol Reed).
--Footage of the "Trapeze" movie premiere at Hollywood's Fox Wilshire Theater. Celebrities arriving for the premiere include June Haver and Fred MacMurray, Janet Leigh, Gordon and Sheila MacRae, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, Jeff Chandler, Dave Wood, and Marie Wilson. Tony LaCamera (Boston newspaper columnist) also makes an appearance.
--Kate Smith sings "Who Cares?" "It Was So Beautiful" and "Riding High."
--Marion Marlowe sings "Midnight In Paris."
--David Whitfield sings "On the Street Where You Live" and "My September Love."
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist)
--Dick Shawn (comedian) plays "Artie" in a parody of the movie "Marty."
--Ed Sullivan talks with Dale Long (of the Pittsburgh Pirates).
--The winners of the Harvest Moon Dance contest (different categories)
--"A Short Vision" - described as "an animated fantasy, which depicts abstractly the effects of the H-bomb."
--A clip from the movie "Spirit of St. Louis" with Jimmy Stewart as Charles Lindbergh.
--Marcel Marceau (mime) - does "Butterfly" & "David and Goliath" routines.
--Teresa Brewer - "Sweet Old-Fashioned Girl" & "Take Me Away on a Phaeton"
--David Whitfield (tenor) sings "The Rudder and the Rock."
--Les Petits Chanteurs de Granby (Little Singers of Granby, 32 member boys' choir from Canada) - "Sur Le Pont D-Avignon" & "O Canada."
--Jack Paar - stand-up comedy routine about live television bloopers.
--Smith and Dale (comedy team) - perform a comedy routine about tax collector.
--Maria Tallchief and Nicholas Magallanes (ballet dancers) - do a pas de deux.
--The Alcettys (German acrobats)
--John Landy (athlete) - film clip shown of race where Landy helps out another runner and still wins.
--The Rheingold Girls (includes Dianne Baker, Marie McNalley, Tammy Connor, Beverly Christianson, Susie Ruehl, Kathleen Wallace).
--Audience bows: Gracie Fields; Melody Sacco (spelling bee winner).
Mother of the Year Awards (the City of Hope Hospital awards to the outstanding Hollywood mothers of the year):
--Robert Young presents Mother Of The Year Awards to June Allyson, Ann Blyth, Betty Grable, Deborah Kerr, Betty Hutton, Rosemary Clooney.
--The Barry Sisters (singing duo) - "It's All Right With Me" & "Yiddish Mama"
--On film: Louis Calhoun is interviewed on the set of "Tea House Of The August Moon"
--Carlos Ramirez (singer) - "Granada"
--The Three Markeys (acrobats on parallel bars)
--Ed talks with Don Farresse (of the Baltimore Orioles)
--Gene Wesson & Gordon Polk (comic duo, sing "You Gotta Have It" & "Sunny Side Of The Street")
--Ving Merlin & his Blonde Violins (girl violinists) - "12th Street Rag"
--Jay Marshall (stand-up comedy routine: jokes with rabbit hand puppet. The puppet sings "If I Had My Way" & "Just One Of Those Things")
--Jose Greco (Spanish dancer, with 3 other male dancers)
--The Fredonia Family (acrobats, might be The Fredonis Family)
Audience bows: Richard Egan; Jerry Wald; Lou Ponfield; John Rawley; and Mrs. Jane Prichard (American Mother Of The Year, has 75 adopted children)moreless
--The Four Lovers (musical group, precursor to The Four Seasons) - "You're The Apple Of My Eye" and "Please Don't Leave Me."
--Nat 'King' Cole sings "Too Young to Go Steady" and "That's My Girl" (and possibly "Ask Me" & "Tea For Two").
--Nat 'King' Cole and Tony Martin - "On The Sunny Side Of The Street" song and dance.
--Tony Martin sings "Manhattan," "There's No Tomorrow," "I Get Ideas" and "Walk Hand In Hand with Me."
--Linda Lynch (singer) (also listed as "The Linda Lynch Trio, dancers")
--Nino Nanni (musician) recites "What Is A Boy?"
--Edie Adams (singer-comedian) does an impression of Marilyn Monroe singing "'S Wonderful."
--Will Jordan (comedian-impressionist) - shows how Robert Mitchum, Bing Crosby and Jack Benny walk across a stage, then does his impression of Sullivan.
--Audience bow: Dave Erb (jockey, won the 1957 Kentucky Derby with horse "Needles").
--Eve Arden (guest hosting, while Ed Sullivan is visiting Japan).
--Kate Smith (singer, celebrating her 25th year in show business) sings "'S Wonderful," "Love Is A Many Splendored Thing," and "Fine And Dandy."
--The Goofers (musical-comedy group) - "Tennessee Rock 'N' Roll."
--The Peters Sisters (of the Folies-Bergères) sing "Merci Beaucoup" & "Old Man River."
--Jean Carroll (stand-up comedienne)
--Richard Hearne (British comedian "Mr. Pastry") demonstrates the "Passing Out Ceremony."
--Charles Manna (comedian) - demonstrates a new parlor game, then does dramatic renditions of popular songs.
--The Luvas Sisters (circus aerialist duo)
--Alfred Hitchcock (director) chats with Ed.
--The Ames Brothers (singing quartet) - perform a medley.
--Marion Marlowe (singer) - "From This Moment On."
Additional guests (scheduled to appear):
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist)
--Sam Levinson (comedian)
--Enzo Stuarti (singer)
--The Three Goetschis (unicyclists)
--Alcetty (a European balancing-juggling act)
--Helen Traubel (Broadway performer & opera soprano) sings "I Could Have Danced All Night" and "(Won't You Come Home) Bill Bailey?"
--The Annapolis U.S. Naval Academy Glee Club sing a few songs.
--Ed Gardner (comedian, "Archie" from "Duffy's Tavern") performs "Two Top Gruskin," his classic radio bit about a two-headed baseball player.
--Rickie Layne (ventriloquist with his puppet "Velvel")
--Members of the 1929 Philadelphia Athletics baseball team pay tribute to their late manager, Connie Mack. This salute includes a pitch for funds to erect a statue of Connie Mack in Philadelphia's Shibe Park.
--Fred Kaps (magician from the Netherlands)
--Grace Kelly and Ralph Meeker perform "The French Lesson" via a kinescope clip from the October 18, 1953 "Toast of the Town." (A few days after the April 15, 1956 broadcast, Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier III of Monaco.)
--Noel Coward reads Ogden Nash's "Carnivale of the Animals," with musical accompaniment by 45 members of the New York Philharmonic led by conductor Andre Kostelanetz.
--Noel Coward sings (or recites) "Mad Dogs And Englishmen."
--Richard Hearne (English comedian "Mr. Pastry") - reprises his "Lancers" dance.
--Mitzi Green (actress & nightclub entertainer) sings "Two A Day" as a tribute to the Palace Theatre, followed by a medley of songs in the of famous Palace performers: "Over There" (Helen Morgan), "I'm An Indian" (Fanny Brice), "Rock-A-Bye Your Baby With A Dixie Melody" (Al Jolson), and "Somewhere Over The Rainbow" (Judy Garland).
--Yana (English actress-singer Pamela Guard) sings "In the Still of the Night."
--Erlinda Cortes (actress-singer from the Philippines) - sing a Filipino folk song (possibly "Lulay").
--The Andrini Brothers (instrumental musicians Frank and Lawrence Andrini).
--Evy and Everetto (unicyclist act)
--General Carlos P. Romulo (Filipino diplomat and politician) gives a political speech about the dangers of Communism.
Also appearing? Scheduled guest Roger Quaino (balancing act).
1956 Easter Show with guests:
--Teresa Brewer sings "A Tear Fell."
--Teresa Brewer with daughters Kathleen & Susan - "Goodnight God."
--Bob Crosby and his 16-year-old daughter Cathy - do a singing duet.
--Gloria DeHaven and her father Carter DeHaven - perform a song-and dance routine.
--Harry Secombe (British singer, making his US TV debut)
--Mata and Hari (dance team) - do a pantomime of a symphony orchestra.
--The Georgetown University Glee Club
Additional guests (scheduled to appear):
--Professor Robert Kleinschmidt (one of 12 carillon players in the U.S.)
--Alberto Zoppe's circus equestrian act (featuring midget pony rider Alberto Zoppè)
--Nat King Cole sings "Nothing Ever Changes My Love For You," "Never Let Me Go" and "Kee-Mo Ky-Mo (The Magic Song)."
--Andre Segovia (classical guitarist)
--Sammy Fain (composer) - performs a vocal and piano medley of his compositions.
--Helen Traubel (operatic soprano) - "I Believe," "Autumn Leaves," and "St. Louis Blues."
--Jack Carter (comedian)
--Tony Reese and Pepper Martin (comedy team) - do a parody of "The $64,000 Question."
--Montes De Oca (acrobat with female partner) - trampoline and hand-to-hand stunts.
--The Jackson Zouaves American Legion drill team (of Jackson, Michigan) - routine includes drill formations, rifle maneuvers, and climbing up a high wall without ropes or ladders.
--Eli Wallach, Gene Blakely, and other cast members perform a scene from the play "Teahouse of the August Moon" (which was about to end its Broadway run and embark on a road tour).
--Nat King Cole performs three songs (possibly "Breezin' Along With The Breeze," "Too Young" and "Little Girl").
--Roberta Peters (Metropolitan Opera coloratura soprano) sings "The Doll Song" from 'The Tales of Hoffmann.'
--Cesare Siepi (Metropolitan Opera bass) sings "La Mer."
--Joe E. Lewis (comedian-entertainer).
--The Charlivels (acrobatic troupe consisting of brothers Juanito, Charlie Jr., and Valentino Andreu).
--Charlie Rivel (European circus clown, father of the Andreu brothers aka The Charlivels).
--On film: Marcel Marceau (pantomime artist).
--Roger Williams (pianist) - "Autumn Leaves."
--Dick Duane (singer) - "Blue Prelude"
--Enzo Stuarti (singer) -possibly "Addio Bimba."
--Amru Sani (singer from India)
--The Lynda Lynch Trio (dance team) - song-and-dance routine.
--Jimmie Komack (comedian)
--Tenley Albright and Hayes Jenkins (figure skaters, in a remote from the Rockefeller Plaza ice rink).
--Dorothy Hayden's Irish Steppers (dance troupe) - perform an Irish jig.
--Cameo: Cyd Charisse (actress) - promotes her movie "Meet Me in Las Vegas."
--Unus (balancing act)
--The Chaludis (bicycle act)
--The Marvellos (tumbling troupe)
--Eddie Egan (Olympic Committee official) - presents Sullivan with a plaque for his work for the Olympics.
--Edith Piaf sings "Merry Go Round" & "Padame."
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist with hand puppet & head in box).
--Dick Shawn (comedian) - stand-up: tells jokes about childhood & sings "16 Tons" (with new lyrics).
--Marion Marlowe sings "Mrs. Noah" and an Italian song (title unknown).
--Dieter Tasso (announced by Scampy) - high wire walker catches & balances cups & saucers.
Look Magazine Awards" segments (some of the awards are presented from Hollywood):
--Film clip: Frederick March in scene from his 1941 film "One Foot In Heaven."
--Frederick March presents Jimmy Cagney with Look Award for "Love Me Or Leave Me."
--Edmond O'Brian presents Jack Lemmon with award for "Mr. Roberts."
--Film clip from earlier Sullivan show: James Cagney & Jack Lemmon perform scene from "Mr. Roberts" (where they dance)
--Ed presents Jo Van Fleet with award for "I'll Cry Tomorrow."
--Gregory Peck presents Susan Hayward with award for "I'll Cry Tomorrow."
--Film clip from "Gentleman's Agreement" with Gregory Peck & Dorothy McGuire.
--Walt Disney presents award to Fess Parker for "Davy Crockett."
--Eva Marie Saint presents award to Kim Novak.
--Burt Lancaster accepts award on behalf of Anna Magnani for "Rose Tattoo."
--Kim Novak presents award to James Wong Howe for Best Cinematography.
--Clip from earlier Sullivan show: Ed Sullivan with Gary Cooper & Burt Lancaster on the set of "Vera Cruz."
--Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians
--Lillian Roth (singer & author of "I'll Cry Tomorrow")
--Carol Haney (dancer-actress, star of Broadway's "The Pajama Game")
--Nick Noble (singer)
--Rickie Layne and Velvel (ventriloquist act)
--The Percellis (aerial act)
--Cartoonists Al Capp ("Li'l Abner"); Milton Caniff ("Terry and the Pirates" & "Steve Canyon"); Rube Goldberg, Willard Mullin; Gurney Williams; Whitney Darrow, Jr.; Barney Tobey; and Virgil Partch.
--Julie Harris and Paul Roebling perform an excerpt from "The Lark."
--Hermione Gingold and Billy DeWolfe reprise their "European Express" train sketch from the 1953-54 Broadway review "John Murray Anderson's Almanac."
--David Burns, Constance Brigham, Hermione Gingold and Billy DeWolfe - do a humorous song about skiing accidents.
--The Goofers (comedy instrumental group)
--Jean Madeira (Metropolitan Opera contralto) - song from "Carmen."
--The Tucson Boys Choir
--Istvan Rabovsky and Nora Kovach (husband-and-wife ballet dancers)
--Opal (a performing elephant)
Abraham Lincoln Birthday Show
--Carl Sandberg (poet) reads from Lincoln's letters while Andre Kostelanetz, conducting a 60-piece orchestra, performs the orchestral piece "Aaron Copland's "A Lincoln Portrait."
--Hal Holbrook (actor) - in character as Mark Twain, recites some of Twain's humorous writings.
--Pearl Bailey - "Something's Got To Give" and "Ma He's Making Eyes At Me."
--Shirley Jones (singer-actress) sings "Many A New Day" (from 'Oklahoma!') and "If I Loved You" (from 'Carousel').
--Andre Kostelanetz and his Orchestra - "Saturday Night."
--Sam Levenson (stand-up comedian) - topics include losing weight and kids.
--Herb Corey & Mildred Cook (comedy team) - routine about hillbilly radio performers.
--On stage bow: Lt. Col. Frank Everest Jr. (U.S. Air Force test pilot).
--Audience bow: Marlon Brando
--Cameo: Clayton Moore (actor, in his "Lone Ranger" costume) - twirls guns.
--The Armandis (5 man acrobat team) - teeter board & tumbling act.
Segments with Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz and the Four Ames Brothers:
--Lucille Ball & Desi Arnaz - with scene from their new movie "Forever Darling"
--Ames Brothers join Desi Arnaz and Ed on stage, Lucy is disguised as 5th Ames brother.
--Desi Arnaz & the Ames Brothers - "Forever Darling"
--The Ames Brothers sing "I'm Gonna Love You" then do vocal impressions: "Whole World Shines" (Laine), "Everything I Have Is Yours" (Epstein), "Too Young" (Cole), "Some Enchanted Evening" & "If I Didn't Care" (Ink Spots)
--Lucille Ball still dressed as the 5th Ames Brother comes out for a bow, she talks to Ed who presents her with a trophy.
Rodgers and Hammerstein / "Pipe Dream" segment
--Ed interviews composers Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein. They talk about illustrations of character portrayal through the medium of music. As an example, they use songs from the Broadway musical "Pipe Dream": (1) Judy Tyler - "Everybody's Got A Home But Me" (2) William Johnson - "The Man I Used To Be" (3) Pipe Dream" cast - "Lopsided Bus" (4) William Johnson & Judy Tyler - "All At Once You Love Her"
--Orson Wells & cast do scene from "King Lear"
--Rickie Layne (ventriloquist with his dummy Velvel) - Ed appears on stage during act.
Audience bows: Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein (bow prior to interview); Eddie Dowling; Irene Hayesmoreless
--Kim Novak and Susan Strasberg perform a scene from their movie "Picnic"
--Gracie Fields (English singer-comedian, in a remote from Madison Square Garden)
--Ann Blythe (actress-singer)
--Mickey and Grace Tenteel (dance team)
--The Hollywood Ice Show
--The West Point Glee Club
A salute to ASCAP (The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) with guests:
--Cab Calloway (with daughter Cecelia 'Lael' Calloway) - "Little Child."
--Mitch Miller and his orchestra - "Yellow Rose Of Texas."
--The Whiting Sisters (Richard Whiting's daughters Margaret and Barbara) - medley: "Ain't We Got Fun," "Sleepy Time Gal," "Louise," "He's Funny That Way" and "Too Marvelous."
--John Raitt & Claramae Turner - "The Song Is You" (from "Music In The Air").
--Frank Silver (songwriter) - "Yes We Have No Bananas."
--Jack Norworth (composer) - "Shine On Harvest Moon" & "Take Me Out To The Ballgame."
--Ernie Burnett (composer) - "Melancholy Baby."
--Jule Styne - performs a medley of his compositions: "I Don't Want To Walk Without You," "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend," "It's Been A Long, Long Time," "It's Magic," "I'll Walk Alone," "Never Never Land" & "Three Coins In A Fountain."
--Billy Daniels - "Easy To Love," "My Blue Heaven" & "That Old Black Magic."
--Helen Kane (singer, the original Boop-Boop-A-Do girl) - "I Wanna Be Loved By You."
--Rose Murphy (plays piano) - "I Can't Give You Anything But Love."
--Will Oakland - "Macushla."
--Maude Nugent Jerome performs her own composition "Sweet Rosie O'Grady."
--Pat Rooney - "Sidewalks Of New York."
--Claramae Turner - You'll Never Walk Alone"
--John Raitt - "If I Loved You" (from Rodgers and Hammerstein's 'Carousel').
--Audience bows: Mitchell Parish, Don George, Singing Sam, Stanley Adams, and Roy Regal.
--The Broadway cast of "The Matchmaker," including Ruth Gordon, performs a scene from the play.
--Jean Carroll (comedian)
--The Billy Williams Quartet
--Jose Greco (Spanish dancer with his dance troupe)
--Amru Sani (India's top vocalist)
--Ricky Layne (ventriloquist)
--Bruxellos (balancing and acrobatic act).
--Lily Pons (coloratura soprano, celebrating her 25th year with the Metropolitan Opera) - "The Bell Song" (from Leo Delibes' Lakmé), "O luce di quest'anima" and the "Blue Danube" Waltz.
--Pearl Bailey sings "I'm Tired."
--Al Hibbler performs "11th Hour Melody."
--Myron Cohen (storyteller comedian)
--Joyce Grenfell (British comedienne), in a monologue, plays a society matron standing in a box of dirt so she can experience a new trend known as "Earth Ray Thought Forces."
--Clifford Guest (ventriloquist)
--Beryl Kaye, Paddy Stone, and Irving Davies (dance trio) - does a modern dance number.
--New York City mayor Robert F. Wagner presents Lily Pons with the city's Certificate Of Merit.
New Year's Day show with scheduled guests (a "Stardust Parade" of young and up-and-coming talent):
--Roger Williams (pianist)
--The Dream Weavers (vocal trio) - "It's Almost Tomorrow"
--Dick Duane (singer)
--Joe Maize and the Chordsmen (singing-instrumental group) - possibly "Sabre Dance," "Bells Of Saint Mary" and/or "My Heart Cries"
--Amru Sani (singer from India)
--Cook and Corey (comedy act)
--Rickie Layne (ventriloquist)
--Barry Blake (impressionist)
--the Pickerts (10 jitterbugs on stilts)
--Orson Welles (actor, guest host)
--Charleston Pianocade (a.k.a. Sabback 20-Piano Orchestra) perform "Santa Claus is Coming to Town" (troupe of young pianists & accordion players from the Sabback School of Music in Charleston, S.C.).
Additional guests (scheduled to appear):
--Gary Cooper and Rod Steiger re-enact scenes from their movie "The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell" (which premiered on Dec. 22, 1955).
--Michigan State University Glee Club
--Jay Nemeth (puppeteer)
--Clauson Bears (trained animal act)
--The Three Merkeys (bar acrobats)
--A bell-ringing youngster from the Cathedral of St. Philip in Atlanta, Ga.
--In a remote from New York's Roxy Theater, excerpts from the ice show "Happy Holiday, Anywhere, U.S.A." starring Sonya Kaye and Czech skating champion Miroslava Nachodska.
--Orson Welles (actor) describes some of the far-off places where he's spent past Christmases.
Additional guests (scheduled to appear):
--Orson Bean (comedian)
--Marion Marlowe sings "Ave Maria."
--Les Compagnons De La Chanson sing "The Three Noels" and "Silent Night."
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist)
--Kirby's Flying Ballet (aerial act)
--From 1954: A repeat of the film "Star of Bethlehem" narrated by James Mason and starring his daughter Portland.
--Teresa Brewer - "There'll Be Some Changes" & "A Good Man Is Hard To Find"
--Sugar Ray Robinson (boxer) - Talks about his comeback & thanks Ed for his support. Robinson's manager Joe Glaser makes an appearance.
--Ed presents Lambert Trophy to Coach Olson on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh. Also on stage: Sugar Bowl Queen Dawn Aber & the co-captains.
--Judy Tyler & William Johnson - "All At Once You Love Her" (from their Broadway play "Pipe Dream")
--Joyce Grenfell (English comedian) - sings an old English folk song and does a stand-up comedy routine (with sympathetic mother talking to her teenage daughter)
--The Grenfell Dance Team (Irving Davis, Patty Stone & Beryl Kaye) dance to "Basquette"
--Wandy Tworek (comic concert violinist from Denmark)
--Mimi Benzell (opera singer) - "Autumn Leaves" (in French)
--Oberkirchen Choir sing "God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen," a German carol & "Deck the Halls"
--The Three Markays (comic acrobats, contortionists with parallel bars)
Audience bows: George Meany (president of AFL/CIO) and his wife; Joan Caulfiled, Frank Ross, Donald Douglas, Jr., John S. Pillsbury & J. R. Potee, Henry & Victor Lambert; U.S. serviceman
--Bud Abbott and Lou Costello
--Kate Smith (singer)
--The Three Houcs (comedy juggling team)
--Andre Eglevsky and Diana Adams (ballet stars)
On film: Ed visits with Burt Lancaster, Gina Lollobrigida and Tony Curtis who were in Paris filming their movie "Trapeze" (10-minute film with interviews and scenes from "Trapeze.")moreless
--Pearl Bailey (singer)
--Dick Shawn (comedian)
--The Goofers (5-man comedy vocal-instrumental group)
--Licia Albanese (opera singer) and her three-year-old son Joseph Gimma Jr., perform a scene from "Madam Butterfly."
--The Princeton Triangle Club - perform scenes from their annual show.
--Collier's All-American football team for 1955 (players selected include Maryland's Bob Pellegrini and Navy's Ron Beagle).
"Dr. Jive's Rhythm and Blues" sequence:
--Bo Diddley - "Bo Diddley."
--LaVern Baker - "Tweedlee Dee."
--The Five Keys - "Ling Ting Tong."
--Willis "Gater Tail" Jackson & his Band - instrumental song with saxophone solo.
Note: The above acts were all part of a revue of rhythm & blues acts introduced by Tommy "Dr. Jive" Smalls, a New York disc jockey. ("Dr. Jive's Rhythm and Blues" was a revue at New York's Apollo Theater.)
--Ted Lewis (bandleader-singer) - "How Long Is He Gonna Last?" & "Me And My Shadow."
--Suzanne Brooks & Ted Lewis - "After You've Gone."
--Jack Carter (comedian, stand-up routine).
--Caesari Siepe (of the Met opera) - "Na Voce'na Chetarra" (in Italian) and & "Love Is A Many Splendored Thing."
--Wandy Tworek (Danish violinist) - does a comic musical act.
--Vicente Escudero (69-year-old Spanish Flamenco dancer).
--Audience bows: Helen Hayes, Robert Dowling, Farley Granger.
--On film: A scene from the movie "The Big Knife" starring Rod Steiger & Jack Palance.
--Edith Piaf (French chanteuse) sings "If You Love Me (Really Love Me)."
--Al Hibbler (baritone vocalist) - "Unchained Melody" and "He."
--Purdue University's Glee Club - sing a medley of religious songs including "Glory, Hallelujah."
--Shirley Booth and company perform a scene from "The Desk Set" (The other cast members might include Byron Sanders, Dorothy Blackburn, Clarice Blackburn and Anne-Marie Gayer.)
--Arthur Worsley (ventriloquist) - dummy does all the talking, recites the alphabet.
--Joyce Grenfell (English comedian) - plays a nursery school teacher in a comedy monologue.
--Beryl Kaye, Paddy Stone and Irving Davies (dance trio from Joyce Grenfell's stage revue).
--Earl Sande & Eddie Arcaro (receive "Jockey Hall of Fame" awards)
--Alice Adams, Barbara Webb and Judy Fosher (winners of Seventeen Magazine's Christmas Doll Contest).
--Stage bows: Marie Sabouret & Jacques Toja (performers from "Comédie-Française" revue at the Broadway Theatre).
--Audience bows: Kentucky Governor-elect A. B. "Happy" Chandler and Minnesota Governor Orville Freeman.
--Phil Silvers gives Sullivan a singing lesson and performs a sketch with the cast of "You'll Never Get Rich" (aka "Sergeant Bilko").
--Liberace and Rise Stevens sing "Cement Mixer."
--Rise Stevens (Metropolitan Opera mezzo soprano) - also sings a solo number.
--David Whitfield (British singer, making his second successive appearance on the show) - "Cara Mia."
--University of Pennsylvania's Mask and Wig Club - present portions of their annual musical show.
--Linon (clown acrobat from Belgium)
Note: Liberace was also scheduled to perform a piano duet with Ed Sullivan.
--Andy Griffith, Roddy McDowall and Robert Webber (actors, from the "No Time for Sergeants" Broadway cast) - perform an approx. 10 minute scene from the play.
--Marion Marlowe - "Begin the Beguine."
--David Whitfield (British singer) - "Never Stop Loving You."
--Marion Marlowe & David Whitfield - "This Is My Beloved."
--Senor Wences (ventriloquist with hand puppet).
--Orson Bean (stand-up comedian) - topics include correspondence courses.
--Dick Shawn (stand-up comedian) - tells jokes about schizophrenia.
--Audience bows: General Omar Bradley; Jean Simmons (audience bow followed by film clip an interview by Ed); Stubby Kaye; Corinne Griffith (cookbook author, early film actress); Gera Lynn Tyler (USC homecoming queen); Dr. Baxter (TV personality); Angel Valenzuela (jockey); and Fred Russell & E B Stone (journalists).
--Nat "King" Cole sings "Little Girl" and a medley of hits ("Nature Boy," "Mona Lisa," "Too Young" and "Walking My Baby Back Home").
--Nat "King" Cole and Maria Cole (Nat's wife) - duet on "I Wanna Go Where You Go, Do What You Do (Then I'll Be Happy)" and "I Can't Believe That You're in Love with Me."
--The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company perform a condensed version of Gilbert & Sullivan's operetta "The Mikado" (possibly with songs "Tit Willow" and "Three Little Maids From School Are We").
--Smith & Dale (comedy team) - do a restaurant sketch.
--Dave Broadfoot (Canadian comedian) - comedy monologue.
--The Charlivels (acrobatic troupe consisting of brothers Juanito, Charlie Jr., and Valentino Andreu).
Additional guests (scheduled to appear):
--Tom Dillon and Michael Kelly (comedy team)
--Arthur Worsley (ventriloquist)
--Rosemary Clooney sings "Sailor Boy," "Wake Me" and "Pet Me Papa."
--Edward R. Murrow (famous TV newsman) - talks to Ed about his life and career.
--Wes Santee (athlete) - talks with Murrow and Ed about fundraising for the US Olympic team.
--Dave Brubeck Quartet (jazz musician with his combo) performs "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" and "Jeepers Creepers."
--Billy De Wolfe (actor-comedian)
--Evers and Dolores (man and woman high-wire act)
--Robert L'Amouret (ventriloquist act) - talking duck dummy sings "Figaro."
--On film: Dr. Albert Schweitzer is shown playing the organ.
--Cameos: The Quantico Marine Cross Country Team; John Fixa (San Francisco Postmaster); Michael Kirby (skater); and John H. Johnson (founder of Ebony magazine).
--Nat King Cole - "Forgive My Heart" & "Someone You Love."
--A tribute to the Broadway musical "Fanny" on the eve of its first anniversary. Ed Sullivan interviews Josh Logan, co-writer, co-producer and director of the play. Segments from the play are performed by the Broadway cast (which should include Walter Slezak, Ezio Pinza, Florence Henderson and William Tabbert.)
The cast was scheduled to perform the following songs:
--"Never Too Late For Love," the show's opening number.
--"Why Be Afraid To Dance?" by Ezio Pinza, Florence Henderson, Bill Tabbert and cast.
--A duet by Florence Henderson and Bill Tabbert.
--Dick Shawn (comedian) - tells jokes about growing up in the South.
--Audience bows: Ronald Reagan, Walter Alston, Clem Labine, Johnny Padris, Billy Martin, and Tommy Burns.
--Audience bows: Desi Arnaz & Lucille Ball, whose series, "I Love Lucy," returns the next day for its 5th season. (This is followed by a clip from an earlier show with Ed Sullivan visiting the couple at home).
--On film: A message from President Eisenhower speaking on behalf of the United Way.
--Lillian Gish introduces four scenes from the movie "Night of the Hunter." The movie's stars, Peter Graves, Shelly Winters and Robert Mitchum, perform live reenactments from the movie.
--Red Skelton does a physical comedy boxing routine (after talking with boxer Rocky Marciano).
--Pearl Bailey sings "Toot Toot Toosie Goodbye" and "Something's Gotta Give."
--Lily Pons (soprano) performs a song from "Carmen" while Pearl Bailey gives a humorous commentary.
--Lily Pons - "Blue Danube."
--Obernkirchen Children's Choir (from Germany) perform "The Cuckoo Cries," "Brahms's Lullaby" and "The Happy Wanderer."
--Heavyweight Boxing Champ Rocky Marciano is interviewed by Ed.
--Baseball All-Stars Of 1955: Duke Snider (Brooklyn Dodgers), Roy Campanella (Dodgers), Don Newcombe (Dodgers), Willie Mays (NY Giants), Early Wynn (Cleveland Indians), Robin Roberts (Philadelphia Phillies), Mickey Vernon (Washington Senators), Del Webb (Yankee co-owner)
--George Raft, in a cameo appearance, shakes hands with Pearl Bailey.