In this series Miss World is Lyonpo Palden Wangchuk of Bhutan, outside of the West Wing The House of Wangchuk is the royal family of Bhutan.
When C.J., Hutchinson and Harper are in the Situation Room discussing the shot-down plane, C.J. refers to the RC-135 as "a 737 with a large dish on it". That would be an AWACS, or E-3 Sentry. The RC-135 doesn't have a radar dish on it and it resembles a four-engined 707, not a twin-engined 737.
Bartlet: If an American dies and there is even the slightest suspicion of international intrigue, she's supposed to wake me.
Leo: Since when? If I had used that rule, you'd be dead by now of sleep deprivation.
Toby: You're not planning on writing a constitution this week?
Lessig: The document is just a beginning. A constitutional democracy succeeds only if the constitution reflects democratic values alive in the citizenry. Which is why our most important job is to instill those values in their leaders through discussion and debate.
Toby: I don't think a strong executive is such a good idea... Half the faculty at Yale Law describes the American Presidential system as one of this country's most dangerous exports... It is a recipe for constitutional breakdown!
Lessig: Well, I can see this is going to be a vibrant discussion.
Music: Bartlet is listening to the aria known as "The Willow Song" from Guiseppe Verdi's opera "Otello". It is also available in collections such as this CD of Shakespeare in Music.
Professor Lawrence Lessig, played in this episode by Christopher Lloyd, is a real person, a professor of constitutional law at Harvard University who had a hand in drafting the constitution for the former Soviet republic of Georgia.
Bradley Whitford, Jimmy Smits, Janel Moloney and Joshua Malina do not appear in this episode. Alan Alda's image appears briefly in a televised news report but he has no on-screen credit.
C.J. (to Leo): You take the French, I'll take Chet and Kate can stay and entertain Lord Flibbertigibbet. (refering to Lord Marbury)
Flibbertigibbet was a character in Anglo-Saxon mythology and has come to refer to anyone who's overly talkative and overly whimsical.
C.J.: Are we gonna throw on sailor caps and chase after Miss Turnstiles?
C.J Asks this after the President suggests that she and he and Toby go out "On the Town." On the Town was a musical and then a movie about three sailors who are let loose on a 24 hour pass in New York where one is on a quest to meet the town's reigning beauty of the month... Miss Turnstiles.
Annabeth: Your ticktock.
A running gag done by Annabeth is that she uses the word "ticktock." This is yet another sly reference to Cheno's character, Glinda, in "Wicked." In Act 2, she says, "Excuse us, just a ticktock."
The tune Annabeth is humming for Valentine's Day while handing out chocolates is "My Funny Valentine," one of the most beloved songs on Kristin Chenoweth's first solo CD, Let Yourself Go.
Professor Lawrence Lessig: "...we were having a most stimulating discussion on The Rule Against Perpetuities."
The Rule Against Perpetuities is an ancient rule of property law which according to one first year law professor is never used in the real world practice of law but states: No future interest is valid unless it can be shown that it will necessarily vest, if at all, no later than 21 years after some life in being at the creation of the interest.