Aaron Sorkin based the character of Sam Seaborn on George Stephanopoulos, President Clinton's Communications Director and 1992 campaign adviser.
In the argument over the commandment "Honor thy father", it is first claimed that it is the first commandment, and Toby corrects them and says that it is the third. In fact, neither is correct, "Honor thy father and thy mother" is the *fifth* commandment (Exodus 20, verse 12).
In order, up until then:
1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me (Exodus 20:3).
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image (Exodus 20:4).
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain (Exodus 20:7).
4. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy (Exodus 20:8).
5. Honour thy father and thy mother (Exodus 20:12).
Sam tells the fourth grade class that the Roosevelt Room was named for Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Mallory corrects him, saying that it was named for Theodore Roosevelt, whose picture is on the wall behind him. In fact, the room is named in honor of both men.
Sam mispronounces Toby's last name when he talks to the fourth graders.
Josh and Donna are talking about football bets involving Central Indiana State. This is a fictitious institution. There is only an Indiana State.
Debbie, played by Lily Tomlin, who later becomes a regular cast member is referred to in this episode as "Miss DiLaguardia."
Toby: Women can't get enough of my 1993 Dodge Dart.
Dodge stopped making the Dart in 1976.
Goof: At the party POTUS talks to Sam about how his team beat Sam's team, but Sam did not appear to be involved in the basketball game at the beginning of the episode. Toby, Josh, and Charlie were, however, playing against the President and his ringer.
In this episode, C.J mentions that Pluie the wolf might eat her cat. However, in the episode Dead Irish Writers in Season Three, she mentions she doesn't have a cat.
This is the first time we hear the theme music that is used for the rest of the series. Up until this episode, it was similar but not the same one.
This is the first time we see Zoey Bartlet.
In this episode President Bartlet was angry at Zoey and ranted about a possible scenario of her being kidnapped in club party whilst going to the restroom. A similar scenario was depicted in Season 4 in the episode Commencement as how Zoey was actually kidnapped.
Toby has Mandy read from Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. However, the sentence she reads is no longer part of the Constitution. It has been changed by Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Constitutional issue they are discussing still exists, but Toby's point that the clause is discriminatory is no longer based in the law.
The episode suggests that Mr. Willis was appointed to his late wife's seat until a special election is called. There is no provision in the US Constitution that allows for an interim appointment to the House of Representatives as there is in the Senate.
The home of Susan B. Anthony is in Rochester, New York.
The sandwich Sam is eating while telling C.J. about the sentence noticeably changes from a bun to bread and back again.
This episode is not the first time that Richard Schiff (Toby Ziegler) and Lisa Edelstein (Laurie) have shared the small screen. They both starred in Relativity an ABC series that was cancelled the year before.
"Indonesian" is indeed a language, albeit an invented one. It starts with Malay as its grammatical base, then adds vocabulary items from the various other languages of the islands.
Goof: While Sam Seaborn is writing a birthday "message" the black cap behind him changes from an ATF hat in one scene to a DEA hat in another scene.
This episode marks the one and only time we have seen the Cabinet Room throughout the duration of the series. The room is not to be mistaken with the Roosevelt Room that the West Wing staff use to hold their own meetings in the show. This can be seen by the different colored chairs used in the Cabinet Room scene. And note that the President's chair beside Vice President Hoynes as he is seated is also raised slightly higher than the rest, this is in fact how the President's chair in the actual Cabinets Room is.